1. The panel, which is composed of United States and Japanese scientists, meets annually to conduct business meetings and a symposium on selected scientific topics in the field of aquaculture. Aquaculture is here defined as the culture of aquatic plants or animals for commercial purpose (sea fanning) or for the enhancement of the common property fisheries (sea ranching or marine ranching). The theme of each annual symposium is agreed upon in five year plans developed jointly by the panels. Business meetings and symposia are followed by field trips (related to the selected scientific theme) to research institutes, universities, fish farming centers and commercial farms. Meetings alternate annually between nations.
2. Business meetings are held each year to plan and discuss progress toward the following goals:
A. Conduct cooperative research and studies of mutual interest to both nations. Projects may include but are not limited to: actual collaborative laboratory or field research; exchange of biological material for study; gathering and synthesis of hard-to-get data in the archives of both nations; and gathering statistics on status and growth or the aquaculture industries of the two nations.
B. Arrange for the exchange of federal scientists short-term or long-term internships for educational purposes or for the conduct of scientific studies. In special cases the UJNR will arrange itineraries for scientific visits of non-federal Japanese and U.S. scientists from state and prefectural laboratories and universities (observers). Long term scientist exchanges are months to years in length and are usually for the purpose of carrying out cooperative research on a specific research topics. Short term visits are days to weeks in length and are generally study tours to familiarize scientists with state of the art scientific developments in the host nation.
C. Provide for exchange of scientific information through an annual literature exchange. The literature exchanged will include papers from international scientific journals but will focus on hard-to-get in-house publications not readily available to the scientific communities outside the respective nations such as processed reports, laboratory research journals, and industry reports.
D. Publish results of the annual scientific symposium. Editing and publishing of manuscripts will be the responsibility of the U.S. panel. Papers will be published i n English in the NOAA Technical Report Series (NMFS ).
E. Report results of annual activities in a joint statement. A joint statement will be issued following the annual meeting. The statement will include a descr1ptlon of activities in all of the above noted areas as well as other business, five-year plans, panel membership, meeting schedules, appointing counterpart positions officers, etc. The annual statement will be signed by the chairmen and forwarded to their respective agencies and the national MRECC chairmen.
3. Aquaculture panel membership is limited to federal scientists. Japanese members are from the National Research Institute of Aquaculture (Mie), National Institute of Fisheries Engineering (Ibaragi), and Regional Fisheries Laboratories. United States membership includes scientists from NOAA, USFWS, USDA, EPA and NSF.