The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the
Japanese National Research Institute of Aquaculture have been working
together since 1971 to enhance the development of freshwater and marine
aquaculture. Since the 1960's aquaculture production has increased
several fold in the United States and Japan, and the Aquaculture Panel
has bridged communication between the scientific communities of these
two countries and facilitated the development of various aquaculture
Each year Japanese and U.S. scientists attend the Aquaculture Panel meeting to present
and discuss current research
on a specific aspect of aquaculture. In addition, a number of scientists
visit their colleagues' laboratories to further key research and share
data, equipment, and samples. These joint studies have included
the development of recombinant DNA for the preparation of vaccines; salmon
hatchery techniques; hormonal control of reproduction; interspecific relationships
between fish; king crab reproduction; fish parasites; and ecological models
for fish populations. In addition to formal technical exchanges, the panel
has mediated U.S. industry requests for information on Japanese algae-culture
and flounder-enhancement techniques.
View the UJNR Aquaculture Panel Charter and Five
Year Plan (2002-2006)
With help from the panel, the Waddell Mariculture Center in South
Carolina has developed a sister laboratory program with the
Japanese National Research Institute of Aquaculture. Japanese abalone
techniques are now being used successfully by U.S. abalone farmers.
The U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service is using fish
enhancement data provided by Japanese scientists to help determine the
feasibility of marine fish stock enhancement.
U.S.-developed salmon vaccines designed to reduce the
mortality rates of hatchery salmon are being evaluated by Japanese
scientists for commercial application.
Both countries maintain libraries of past meeting proceedings.