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WINDandSEA: The Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences Internet Guide

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Topics: Air Pollution thru Endangered Species

Note: These links lead to resources not on the NOAA Library website.

Air Pollution

from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
AirCompare, a new EPA-developed air quality tool, provides local air quality information to help people make informed decisions about moving, vacationing or living in different areas of the country.

Glossary - Plain English Guide to the Clean Air Act
from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
http://www.epa.gov/air/caa/peg/ (index page for the Clean Air Act)
http://www.epa.gov/oar/oaqps/peg_caa/pegcaa10.html (glossary for the Clean Air Act)

IMPROVE - Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments
Program created in 1985 to help implementation of Federal and State plans for the protection of visibility in 156 national parks and wilderness areas as stipulated by the Clean Air Act.

Sulfur pollution from natural sources.  Full text paper from NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental  Laboratories.

Acid Rain

Acid Rain Home Page from EPA.  Information on the formation of acid rain, its effects, and a description of the program to reduce emissions responsible for acid rain.

The National Atmospheric Deposition Program operates an acid rain observing network that is used to monitor the chemistry of precipitation  for geographical and temporal long-term trends.  Quality assured precipitation chemistry data (including acidity) and analyzed maps are available for viewing and downloading.

Carbon Dioxide

Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center of the Department of Energy at Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Meteorological Conditions & Ozone in the Polar Stratosphere
NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, National Centers for Environmental Prediction
NOAA monitors meteorological conditions and ozone amounts in the stratosphere. This comprehensive web site presents graphics to aid in visualizing the evolution of the South Polar "ozone hole" and factors important for ozone depletion in the polar areas.

Ozone Hole FAQ page developed by Weather Underground.

NASA Earth Observatory article on Ozone

Stratospheric Ozone home page developed by EPA.


Alternative Farming Systems Aquaculture information page.  From the Department of Agriculture Primarily pointers to other sources of information.

Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Aquaculture Information Center
This site is no longer updated.

Directory of State Aquaculture Coordinators and Contacts.

Text of Massachusetts White Paper on aquaculture. Although written for Massachusetts, has good biological and technical information.

Astronomy, Time, Star-charts, etc.

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Earth and Sky Radio Series features text and audio of all shows, Tonight's Sky, and more.

History of Astronomy - a site from the University of Bonn containing many links to history of astronomy and history of science.

Hubble Space Telescope; Space Telescope Science Institute

Hubble Space Telescope News

Internet Resources from Sky and Telescope magazine

Yahoo! Top Science Site: Astronomy. Hundreds of links to other sites.

Practical Astronomy - Navigation, Time, Sunrise-Sunset, etc.

Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office Home Page

Naval Observatory Home Page

Naval Observatory: Sunrise/Sunset; Moonrise/Moonset for United States; time service
http://tycho.usno.navy.mil/ (time service)

FAQ about time, sunrise/sunset, phases of moon, astronomic phenomena, calendars and historic events


Aquaculture - National Sea Grant aquaculture bibliography.

El Nino bibliography developed by Florida State University library.

Comprehensive Bibliography of The Institute for the Study of Society and Environment (ISSE) Publications

EXXON VALDEZ Oil Spill Trustee Council   Topical Bibliographies cover all aspects of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.

AlgaeBase searchable bibliography of over 17,500 references

The TITANIC. A bibliography of TITANIC literature.

World Ocean Circulation Experiment Bibliography - from US WOCE office.

Career Information for the Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences

American Fisheries Society Job Listings. A list of fishery-related jobs with relevant contact information and web sites.

American Meteorological Society career center.

Careers in marine biology and marine science - links to many sources from Stanford University.

Careers in Oceanography  -  an on-line brochure produced by the Oceanography Society for the Office of Naval Research.  Edited by Dr. D. James Baker, the Administrator of NOAA.

Preparing for a Career in Oceanography from the Scripps Institute of Oceanography


Chesapeake Bay


Bay Education page from the Chesapeake Bay Program -links to education websites throughout the Bay region and U.S.

Government Programs

Chesapeake Bay Program

Environmental Protection Agency Chesapeake Bay Program Home Page.

NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office Home Page.

Observing System

Chesapeake Bay Observing System (CBOS)-realtime data on bay parameters as well as many links.

Periodicals about the Bay and Surrounding Watersheds On-line

Bay Journal. A Chesapeake Bay newsletter published by George Mason University in cooperation with the EPA Chesapeake Bay Program. On-line issues date back to 1994.

Maryland Marine Notes - an on-line publication from Maryland Sea Grant.

Potomac Reporter Information on the Potomac watershed from the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin.

Ecosystem Health and Land Loss in the Chesapeake Bay

Research Centers

Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science - Links to Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Horn Point Environmental Laboratory, and University of Maryland research vessels.



Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises (2002)
Online report published by the National Academy Press for the Committee on Abrupt Climate Change, Ocean Studies Board (OSB), Polar Research Board (PRB), Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, (BASC), National Research Council

Arctic Time Series: The Unaami Collection is an interdisciplinary, diverse collection of Arctic variables which represent different geographic regions and data types. The time series extend from 1970 to the present. From NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL).

Bering Climate
Sponsored by NOAA, hosts ecological and climatic indices for the Bering Sea which will serve as measures of climate and ecosystem status for the Bering Sea.

Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750-1850
Sponsored by the European Union and developed by several international partners, this global database of climatic information uses British, French, Dutch and Spanish naval and merchant logbooks from the period 1750-1850.

EPIC was developed at NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) to manage the large numbers of hydrographic and time series oceanographic in-situ data sets collected as part of NOAA climate study programs, such as EPOCS and TOGA in earlier years, WOCE and CLIVAR and others more recently.

Guide to Historical Resources in the Atmospheric Sciences: Archives, Manuscripts, and Special Collections in the Washington, D.C. Area
A guide to hitorical atmospheric science resources located in the Washignton, D.C. area. By Dr. James R. Fleming, originally published by the National Center for Atmospheric Research, and revised in 1997.

IRI/LDEO Climate Data Library
Contains a wide variety of earth science data, primarily oceanographic and atmospheric datasets. From Columbia University's International Research Institute for Climate Prediction.

National Climatic Data Center - national repository for climate data

National Climatic Data Center - Climate Monitoring: Reports and Products
Includes yearly and monthly State of the Climate reports, U.S. and Global Extremes reports, and much more.

National Climatic Data Center - Climate and weather Links (This is an outstanding site.)

National Climatic Data Center Colonial Archive - Information on colonial era data sets residing within NCDC and the NOAA Library System

National Weather Service Offices and Centers

NOAA Central Library Climate Data Imaging Project provides images from unique climatological data from the 1830s to the 1970s.

NOAA Central Library U.S. Daily Weather Maps Project

NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center.  Selected climate parameters for many United States cities, Puerto Rico and a few other sites.

NOAA's Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory
The lab's mission is to observe and understand, through accurate, long-term records of atmospheric gases, aerosol particles, and solar radiation, the Earth's atmospheric system controlling climate forcing, ozone depletion and baseline air quality, in order to develop products that will advance global and regional environmental information and services.

NOAA Paleoclimatology
The Paleoclimatology Branch of the National Climatic Data Center provides the paleoclimatic data and information needed to understand the climate of the past, in order to assess the current and potential future climate in the context of natural climate variability.

North Pole Weather Data from NOAA's Arctic Weather Office.


National Drought Mitigation Center from the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Provides drought planning, management, and mitigation services to federal, state, local, and tribal governments.

U.S. Drought Portal

U.S. Palmer Drought Indices

El Nino - La Nina

El Nino Theme Page - put out by PMEL.FAQ page, links to data sources, El Nino forecast, etc. Award-winning site as the Grand Champion winner of the best WWW Page in NOAA and Federal Showcase Award.

El Nino- La Nina resource page developed by COAPS Library at Florida State University. This site has bibliographies, on-line publications, links to other pages, etc.

El Nino bibliography developed by Florida State University library.

El Nino/La Nino data and information from NOAA's Center for Climate Prediction

Satellite Altimetry data from TOPEX/POSEIDON  processed by the NOAA Laboratory for Satellite Altimetry traces the evolution and continuation of the 1997 El Nino event.  In particular, check the Equatorial Pacific diagrams shown for each week since April 1997.
http://http://ibis.grdl.noaa.gov/SAT/near_rt/enso/regional_previous_years.html (Equatorial Pacific)

Review of the Causes and Consequences of Cold Events - A La Nina Summit from UCAR - includes many short papers on subjects related to and areas affected by La Nina.

TAO-TRITON Data Display - Real-time data from moored ocean buoys for improved detection, understanding and prediction of El Niņo and La Niņa. From NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL).

Global Climate Change

U. S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)
Interagency program supporting research on the interactions of natural and human-induced changes in the global environment and their implications for society.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Climate Change page

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Sea Level Rise Reports

The Global Change Master Directory

USDA Forest Service - Northern Global Change Research Program

U. S. GLOBEC home page
GLOBEC (Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics) was initiated by SCOR and the IOC of UNESCO in 1991, to understand how global change will affect the abundance, diversity and productivity of marine populations comprising a major component of oceanic ecosystems.

NASA - Global Climate Change: NASA's Eyes on the Earth
Keep track of the latest climate change data: sea level rise, surface temperatures, carbon dioxide, arctic sea ice and ozone hole.

State, Regional, Local, Territory and Tribal Programs

NACo Climate Protection Program (National Association of Counties)*

California Climate Change Portal*

Maryland Commission on Climate Change*

Maryland Shoreline Changes Online

Oregon Department of Energy - Oregon: Meeting the Challenge of Climate Change*

Western Climate Initiative*
The Western Climate Initiative is a collaboration launched in February 2007 between the Governors of Arizona, California, New Mexico, Oregon and Washington to meet regional challenges raised by climate change.

What's Being Done in the States* from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES), successor to the Pew Center on Global Climate Change

Country Programs

British Antarctic Survey Climate Change Research*
British Antarctic Survey (BAS) has for the past 60 years been responsible for most of the UK's scientific research in Antarctica and its current five-year research strategy is focussed on deepening our understanding of climate change.

Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation*

British Antarctic Survey Climate Change Research*
British Antarctic Survey (BAS) has for the past 60 years been responsible for most of the UK's scientific research in Antarctica and its current five-year research strategy is focussed on deepening our understanding of climate change.

Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation*

International Programs

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change*

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations - Climate Change page*
FAO's programme on climate change includes the promotion of practices for climate change mitigation, the adaptation of agricultural systems to climate change, the reduction of emissions from the agricultural sector as far as it is carefully considered within the major objective of ensuring food security, the development of practices aimed at increasing the resilience of agricultural production systems to the vagaries of weather and climate change, national and regional observing systems, as well as data and information collection and dissemination.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) * established by the World Meteorological Association (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to access the risk of human-induced climate change.

National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) for Least Developed Countries*
NAPAs (national adaptation programmes of action) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs with regard to adaptation to climate change. The rationale for NAPAs rests on the limited ability of LDCs to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. The NAPA takes into account existing coping strategies at the grassroots level, and builds upon that to identify priority activities. In the NAPA process, prominence is given to community-level input as an important source of information, recognizing that grassroots communities are the main stakeholders.

United Nations Environment Programme Climate Change Theme Page*
Portal created by the United Nations Environment Programme as a central source for substantive work and information resources regarding climate change.

UNITAR (United Nations Institute for Training and Research) Climate Change Programme (CCP)*
Developing countries, called 'Non-Annex I' in the context of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations, have experienced great difficulty in implementing decisions and policies at the country level. The objective of the UNITAR Climate Change Programme is to address these capacity constraints.

World Health Organization (WHO) Climate Change and Human Health Website*

Pacific Regional Environment Programme - Climate Change Portal*

Non-Governmental Organizations

Linking Climate Adaptation Network*
The objective of the Linking Climate Adaptation (LCA) Network is to help communities, policy-makers, practitioners and academics share experiences and knowledge about adaptation to climate change. It is based at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) in the United Kingdom.

Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)*
The successor to the Pew Center on Global Climate Change

Encylcopedia of the Earth - Climate Change*
The Encyclopedia is published by the Environmental Information Coalition (EIC), National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE), Washington D.C. The EIC, the governing body of the Earth Portal, is comprised of a diverse group of respected scientists and educators and the organizations, agencies, and institutions for which they work. The EIC defines the roles and responsibilities for individuals and institutions involved in the Coalition, as well as the editorial guidelines for Earth Portal content, including the EoE.

The National Academies Climate Change page*
The National Academies bring together committees of experts in all areas of scientific and technological endeavor. These experts serve pro bono to address critical national issues and give advice to the federal government and the public. This web site is designed to provide an overview of global-change activities from throughout the National Academies organized by major topical area. Browse Topics to see lists of related reports, upcoming meetings, ongoing activities, and selected links to other global change resources on the web.

Academic Organizations

The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policiy of Global Change

Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research*
The Tyndall Centre brings together scientists, economists, engineers and social scientists, who together are working to develop sustainable responses to climate change through trans-disciplinary research and dialogue on both a national and international level - not just within the research community, but also with business leaders, policy advisors, the media and the public in general.

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) - Climate Research*

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) Ocean and Climate Change Institute*

University of Maryland Center for Integrative Environmental Research (CIER)*

Publications and Reports

Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate
Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate examines the growing need for climate-related decision support--that is, organized efforts to produce, disseminate, and facilitate the use of data and information in order to improve the quality and efficacy of climate-related decisions.
authored by the Panel on Strategies and Methods for Climate-Related Decision Support; National Research Council

Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
Findings from the 190-page report confirm what scientists have long suspected: climate change due to heat-trapping pollution is already occurring and is visible throughout the United States, and the choices we make now will determine the severity of its impacts in the future.
from the United States Global Change Research Program

Climate Change 2007: the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change*

Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises (2002)*
Online report published by the National Academy Press for the Committee on Abrupt Climate Change, National Research Council

Adaptation to climate change in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries: Perspective, framework and priorities*
Published by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

BUYING TIME: A User's Manual for Building Resistance and Resilience to Climate Change in Natural Systems*
Published by the World Wildlife Fund

Climate Change Research: Agencies Have Data-Sharing Policies but Could Do More to Enhance the Availability of Data from Federally Funded Research
Published by U.S. General Accountability Office (GAO), GAO-07-1172, September 28, 2007

Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions*
Published by the National Research Council, 2001

Climate Resilient Cities: A Primer on Reducing Vulnerabilities to Climate Change Impacts and Strengthening Disaster Risk Management in East Asian Ciites
Published by World Bank, 2008
Prepared "as a guide for local governments in the East Asia Region to better understand the concepts and consequences of climate change."

Coral Reefs and Global Climate Change: potential contributions of climate change to stresses on coral reef ecosystems*
Published by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change

Evaluating Progress of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program: Methods and Preliminary Results (2007)*
Online report published by the National Academy Press for the Committee on Strategic Advice on the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, National Research Council

Impacts of a Warming Climate: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment*
An assessment of the potential impacts of climate change on the Artic Region undertaken by the
International Arctic Science Committee and the Artic Council

Kyoto Protocol* - final authentic text of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation: Special Report 290*
Online report published by the National Academy Press for the Committee on Climate Change and U.S. Transportation, National Research Council

Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional and State Governments*
Published by Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Washington King County, and ICLEI.

Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program's Synthesis and Assessment Product 1.3: Reanalyses of Historical Climate Data for Key Atmospheric Features: Implications for Attribution of Causes of Observed Change*
Online report published by the National Academy Press for the Committee to Review the U.S. Climate Change Science Program's Synthesis and Assessment Product 1.3, National Research Council, 2008

The Role of Coastal Zone Management Programs in Adapatation to Climate Change: Final Report of the CSO Climate Change Work Group*
From the Coastal States Organization (CSO)

Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change*
Report by Sir Nicholas Stern, Head of the Government Economics Service, United Kingdom, on the economics of climate change and development. Released 30 October, 2006

Understanding and Responding to Climate Change*
Published by the National Academy Press for the National Research Council

Ecological Impacts of Climate Change*
Published by the National Academy Press for the National Research Council

The U.S. Economic Impacts of Climate Change and the Costs of Inaction*
Published by the University of Maryland, Center for Integrative Environmental Research

Decision Support Tools

Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change*
Published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF)), the APF is a structured approach to formulating and implementing adaptation strategies, policies and measures to ensure human development in the face of climate variability and change.

Pacific RISA Decision Support Tools and Technologies*

Forecasts and Planning Tools* from the University of Washington, Climate Impacts Group

Coastal Studies

Academic Organizations

Center for Coastal and Land Margin Research (CCALMR). Affiliated with the Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology.

School of the Coast and Environment, Department of Environmental Studies at Louisiana State University

Coastal Data Information Program - A cooperative program between the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the California Department of Boating and Waterways. Describes, monitors, and archives oceanographic data for the southern and central California coast.

Coastal Resources Center of the University of Rhode Island.  This is a particularly good site for coastal management issues.  Many excellent links.

Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ) from the Netherlands Institute for Sea Research.  Check out the newsletter and core research pages.

Coastal Ocean Institute and Rinehart Coastal Research Center of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Research emphasis on all phases of oceanography affecting the coast.

U.S. Federal Organizations

Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Field Research Facility of the Army Corps of Engineers CERC at Duck, North Carolina. This facility is one of the most advanced facilities for studying coastal processes in the world. The virtual tour provides explanations of the facility and its research.

Fish and Wildlife Service Coastal Program of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

National Estuary Program Home Page

National Estuary Program - Gulf Coast

National Estuary Program Northeast Region

National Estuary Program South Atlantic Region

National Estuary Program West Coast Region

National Estuary Program Caribbean Region

NOAA Coastal Shoreline site - policy and science

NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science

NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management

NOAA's National Estuarine Research Reserves System (NERRS)
The National Estuarine Research Reserve System, a partnership between NOAA and coastal states, is a network of protected areas established for long term research, education and stewardship.

NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries Program

United States Geological Survey Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies - St. Petersburg, Florida, field office. Mapping, current, estuary studies, some deepsea.

 United States Geological Survey Western Region Coastal and Marine Geology - Menlo Park, California. Mapping, current, estuary studies, some deepsea.

United States Geological Survey Field Center for Coastal and Marine Geology in Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Woods Hole, Massachusetts, field program. Mapping, current, estuary studies, some deepsea.

On-line Publications

Glossary of coastal terminology from the NOAA Coastal Services Center

State Organizations

Maine Department of Conservation Marine Geology Program.  Be sure to check out the fact sheets and  the photo gallery.

MCZM - Massachusetts Coastal Zone Management Office

Coral Reefs

Coral Bleaching hotspots derived from Sea Surface Temperature charts at NOAA/NESDIS.

Coral Health and Monitoring Home Page (CHAMP) - NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratories.

Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network

International Coral Reef Initiative

International Coral Reef Initiative -The International Coral Reef Information Network (ICRIN) is a communications and information project of the International Coral Reef Action Network (ICRAN). The website includes a library, photobank, education and outreach materials, newsletter, and more.

NASA Helps Researchers Diagnose Recent Coral Bleaching at Great Barrier Reef

NOAA Photo Library "The Coral Kingdom"

NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program - a wealth of information about coral reefs.

NOAA's Coral Reef Information System (CoRIS) - provides access to NOAA's coral reef data and information products.

NOAA's International Year of the Coral Reef 1997

NOAA's Coral Reef "Degree Heating Weeks"
Degree Heating Weeks (DHWs) are an operational product designed to indicate the length of time that coral reefs experience thermal stress.

Satellite Coral Bleaching Monitoring Datasets (Google Earth Format)
from NOAA's Coral Reef Watch
Google Earth can be used to view NOAA Coral Reef Watch's satellite coral bleaching monitoring products, including curent SST, SST anomaly, HotsSpot, Degree Heating Week products, time series charts, and more.

NOAA's Coral Reef Watch

REEF - The Reef Environmental Education Foundation.

Reefbase, a global information system on coral reefs, from the World Fish Center and the International Coral Reef Action Network.

Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004
Documents how human activities continue to be the primary cause of the global coral reef crisis.
Written by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRM) and the International Coral Reef Initiative.

U.S. Coral Reef Task Force
The U.S. Coral Reef Task Force (CRTF) was established to lead the U.S. response to this growing, global environmental crisis.


NOAA Diving Program administered through the Office of NOAA Corps Operations - this program overseas over 9,000 operational science and engineering dives per year.  Also responsible for producing the NOAA Dive Manual.

The Great American Fish Count - join the diving community in helping monitor America's underwater living resources.

Undersea and Hyberbaric Medical Society

Underwater Science and Educational Resources from Indiana University.   Includes diving information, marine archaeology, artificial reef and marine biology information.

Endangered Species

Endangered Species Overview from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service

Endangered Species Program of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UK). Species, protected areas, forests, marine areas, national biodiversity profiles, WCMC Library catalog.

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