Digital Documents and Maps Collections

Weather and Climate

photo of hurricane victim

Hurricane Reports

Beginning with Hurricanes Edna and Hazel in 1954 and ending with Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Hurricane Reports contain preliminary advisories and reports with bulletins issued by the U.S. Weather Bureau and in some instances post hurricane service assessments.

photo of Professor Mark W. Harrington, first Chief of the Weather Bureau

Report of the Chief of the Weather Bureau

The annual Report of the Chief of the Weather Bureau from 1891-1953. These reports feature both the practical and theoretical aspects of the work of the Bureau: forecasts, weather maps, flood and frost warnings, climate research, the State Weather Services, instruments, meterological records, soil physics, crop conditions, and more.

old weather bureau headquarters building

Weather Bureau Topics and Personnel

Monthly publication from 1915-1965. Includes personnel information such as biographical sketches, transfers, awards, retirements, and deaths. Also includes organizational guidance, budget matters, and a wide range of policy and scientific issues.

photo of Weather Bureau Chief F. W. Reichelderfer

U. S. Weather Bureau Circular Letters

Monthly communications to U. S. Weather Bureau personnel from 1940-1966.

daily weather map

U.S. Daily Weather Maps

This collection provides access to historical daily weather maps from 1871 thru 2002. Images in DejaVu format; free plug-in provided.

daily synoptic weather map

Daily Synoptic Weather Maps

This collection provides access to historical daily synoptic weather maps for the northern hemisphere from 1899 to 1971.

tornado at Ellis, Kansas, 1919

Monthly Weather Review

Free access from 1871 to 1973 in cooperation with the American Meteorological Society.

Foreign Climate Data

Unique foreign climatological data from Africa, Caribbean, Middle East and former Soviet bloc countries from 1837 to 1992 in PDF and TIFF formats.

tornado at Ellis, Kansas, 1919

U.S. Army Signal Corps/Weather Bureau Annual Reports

Meteorological observations from 1861 to 1942 in PDF format.

weather observations data sheet

George Washington Carver and Tuskegee Weather Data

This site provides access to volunteer weather observations taken at the Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama from November 1899 through June 1954.

photo of Charles Brooks, founder of AMS

Why The Weather

Daily public service announcements regarding weather facts, phenomena and proverbs provided for the Science Service beginning in May 1923.

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Coast and Geodetic Survey

plane table crew in Prince William Sound

U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey Annual Reports

This collection provides access to the annual reports of the Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1844-1965 in PDF format.

Coast and Geodetic Survey leveling party

U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey Special Publications (1898-1969)

Special Publications of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey that were published from 1898 to 1969 in PDF format. Information regarding technical and scientific methods of the Survey.

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lab on the Albatross

U.S. Fish Commission Annual Reports

Annual reports of the United States Fish Commission and the United States Fish and Fisheries Commission from 1871 to 1940, and 1947-1979, in PDF format.

Coast and Geodetic Survey leveling party

Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission

An official publication of the U.S. Government since 1881, the years 1881 to 1997 are available in PDF format.

image of ship Grampus

Fisheries Heritage Digital Collection

Digital collection of historical documents on fisheries of the United States from the early 1800s to early 1900s.

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image of Mount Sarmiento

NOAA's Collection of Rare 19th Century Oceanography Books

This collection features 19th century rare books that are part of the larger NOAA Central Library Rare Book Room and which capture the spirit and accomplishments of the formative years of oceanography.

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