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Government agencies

Agencies with Environmental Information

Canada - Environment Canada - the Canadian weather service, environmental protection agency, and environmental research organization
http://www.ec.gc.ca/

Canada - Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the oceanic agency of the Canadian government
http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/

The National Archives - preserves and provides access to the records of the Federal Government
http://www.archives.gov/
http://www.archives.gov/research/start/by-organization.html (search the record groups of NOAA and NOAA predecessor agencies, related records, etc.)
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/022.html (Records of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/023.html (Records of the Coast and Geodetic Survey)
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/027.html (Records of the Weather Bureau)
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/037.html (Records of the Hydrographic Office)
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/077.html#77.5.1 (Records of the U.S. Lake Survey, Office of the Chief of Engineers)
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/111.html (Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer)
http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/370.html (Records of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is the descendant of the Defense Mapping Agency/National Imagery and Mapping Agency. NGA develops imagery and map-based intelligence solutions for U. S. national defense, homeland security and safety of navigation
https://www1.nga.mil/Pages/Default.aspx

National Institute of Standards and Technology - an agency of the U.S. Department of Commere
http://www.nist.gov/

National Science Foundation - supports environmental research through many programs
http://www.nsf.gov/

National Sea Grant - a partnership between the nation's universities and NOAA - links to information about Sea Grant programs, history of Sea Grant, publications, the National Sea Grant Library, etc.
http://seagrant.noaa.gov

Office of Naval Research
http://www.onr.navy.mil/ (Home)
http://www.onr.navy.mil/en/Science-Technology/Departments/Code-32/All-Programs/Atmosphere-Research-322.aspx (Ocean, Atmosphere, and Space Research Division)

Smithsonian Institution, the world's largest museum complex and research organization
http://www.si.edu/

United States Army Corps of Engineers - responsible for investigating, developing, and maintaining the nation's water and related environmental resources
http://www.usace.army.mil
http://www.usace.army.mil/About/CentersofExpertise.aspx (Centers of Expertise)

United States Coast Guard - a military branch of the United States involved in maritime law, mariner assistance, and search and rescue
http://www.uscg.mil

United States Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov

United States Federal Emergency Management Agency - flood data, flood plain maps, etc. as well as many joint publications and programs with NOAA
http://www.fema.gov/ (Home)
http://www.fema.gov/national-flood-insurance-program/map-service-center (flood maps)

United States Fish and Wildlife Service, U. S. Department of the Interior
http://www.fws.gov/

United States Geological Survey, U. S. Department of the Interior - many ocean, coastal, and mapping programs
http://www.usgs.gov
http://www.usgs.gov/science/#biology (Science Topics)

United States Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program
http://marine.usgs.gov
http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov (USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center)
http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/index.php (USGS St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center)
http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov (USGS Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center)

United States Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center - satellite images of the Earth and aerial photos of the U.S.
http://eros.usgs.gov
 

Links to Federal and State Government Agencies and Information

Federal Register - the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other presidential documents
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR

Federal statistics - official statistical information produced by the Federal Government from more than 100 Federal agencies
http://www.fedstats.gov

Government Printing Office - the Federal Government's primary centralized resource for producing, procuring, distributing, and preserving the official information products for all three branches of the Federal Government, as well as the official publications of Congress, the White House and other Federal agencies, and the courts.
http://www.gpo.gov
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/search/home.action (FDsys - GPO's Federal Digital System) - links to Catalog of U.S. Government Publications, U.S. Government Bookstore, Federal Depository Library Program, Congressional Reports (House and Senate Reports 1995 forward), Ben's Guide to the U.S. Government for Kids, public and private laws, history of bills, etc.
http://www.gpo.gov/libraries/ (Federal Depository Library Program)
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectiontab.action (browse government publications)

National Technical Information Service - the nation's largest central source for government-sponsored scientific, technical, engineering, and related business information. NTIS has more than 3 million titles in its collection.
http://www.ntis.gov
http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx  (search the NTIS collection of products for sale, 1964-present)

The U. S. Code
http://uscode.house.gov - the U.S. Code is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the United States laws (U. S. House of Representatives Office of the Law Revision Counsel)

U.S. Office of Personnel Management - Hiring, firing, retiring...
http://www.opm.gov

USA.gov - U.S. Government Information by topic
http://www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/All-Topics.shtml

Great Lakes

Binational.net - a collaboration between Environment Canada and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to provide a single window on joint Great Lakes programs. Access management plans, State of the Great Lakes reports, etc.
http://www.binational.net/

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
http://www.glerl.noaa.gov
http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/library/ (GLERL Library)

Great Lakes Information Network - maintained by the Great Lakes Commission
http://www.great-lakes.net

Great Lakes National Program Office of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway System - information on the maritime route from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
http://www.greatlakes-seaway.com/en/index.html

Great Lakes Science Center of the U. S. Geological Survey
http://www.glsc.usgs.gov

Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement between Canada and the United States (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/glwqa/

Maritime History of the Great Lakes (site maintained by Librarian Walter Lewis)
http://www.maritimehistoryofthegreatlakes.ca/

Our Great Lakes from Environment Canada and the Environmental Protection Agency
http://binational.net/ourgreatlakes/ourgreatlakes.pdf
 

History of Oceanic and Atmospheric Science

NOAA Historical Image Collections - thousands of photographs and images of operations of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, National Weather Service, and National Marine Fisheries Service/NOAA Fisheries Service
http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/

NOAA History Page - writings and collections from the Coast and Geodetic Survey, National Marine Fisheries Service/NOAA Fisheries,  and National Weather Service.  Includes institutional histories and also pertinent writings concerning the atmospheric and oceanic sciences from such luminaries as Benjamin Franklin and Louis Agassiz. This site has diaries, biographical sketches, speeches, autobiographies, and personal accounts of individuals associated with the above bureaus as well as links to historical image collections.
http://www.history.noaa.gov/

Biographical Information

Abbe, Cleveland - a highly respected civilian meteorologist who worked for the Signal Service, and later the Weather Bureau. Essentially, he was considered the expert on forecasting.
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/abbe.html

Agassiz, Alexander - biographical sketch by Sir John Murray
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/ag.html

Agassiz, Louis - picture and biographical note from the University of California Museum of Paleontology
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/agassiz.html

Audubon, John James - biography of the naturalist and painter
http://www.audubon.org/john-james-audubon
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/john-james-audubon/drawn-from-nature/106/ (John James Audubon: Drawn from Nature (a PBS American Masters site))

Bache, Alexander Dallas - eulogy by Professor Joseph Henry
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/bache.html

Baird, Spencer Fullerton - the first United States Commissioner of Fisheries, appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant in 1871
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/baird.html

Bigelow, Henry Bryant - biography of a founder of oceanography by Sue Ann Gardner, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1114&context=libraryscience

Carson, Rachel - picture and biographical sketch of the great ecologist: select Biography
http://www.rachelcarson.org/

Davidson, George - biographical sketch by Charles G. Yale
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/davidson.html

Ferrel, William - memorial articles and works by Ferrel, an American meteorologist and astronomer who worked on the theory of tides
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/ferrel.html

Benjamin Franklin: Glimpses of the Man from the Franklin Institute
http://sln.fi.edu/franklin/

Goode, George Brown - biographical sketch by David Starr Jordan
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/goode.html

Hassler, Ferdinand Rudolph - the first Superintendent of the U.S. Coast Survey
http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/historymakers/hassler/welcome.html
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/noaainfo/heritage/coastsurveyvol1/CONTENTS.html (The Coast Survey 1807-1867: see Part I. The Hassler Legacy)

Henry, Joseph - first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution and a major personality in the development and evolution of American science. This is a comprehensive site that includes a special section on Joseph Henry's contribution to the formation of a national weather service.
http://siarchives.si.edu/history/jhp/jhenry.html

Hooke, Robert - English biologist, early microscopist, physicist, inventor, and experimental scientist
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/hooke.html

Hopper, Grace Murray - the great U. S. Navy computer scientist
http://www.cs.yale.edu/homes/tap/Files/hopper-story.html

Kane, Elisha Kent - nineteenth century American naval officer and explorer who captured the imagination of the American public with his quest for the open polar sea (American philosophical Society)
http://amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.B.K132-ead.xml

MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive - biographies, topics, chronologies, bibliography. Biographies of hundreds of mathematicians including Benjamin Peirce, Charles Peirce, William Ferrel, Gauss, and Bessel. The "Mac" is the genuine article as this site has been developed by the School of Mathematical and Computational Sciences, University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/index.html

Peirce, Charles Sanders - arguably the most important of all American philosophers. He had and continues to have a profound influence on the Philosophy of Science. The Peirce Edition Project, Arisbe, the Peirce Organization, and NOAA sites all have different thrusts concerning his life and influence on American science.
http://www.iupui.edu/~peirce/ (Peirce Edition Project from the University of Indiana)
http://www.cspeirce.com/ (Arisbe - home of the International Peirce Telecommunity)
http://www.peirce.org/
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/peirce.html (biographical sketch of Peirce from the NOAA Corps Bulletin)

Reichelderfer, Francis Wilton - naval aviator, meteorologist, and longest running Director of the U.S. Weather Bureau. Reichelderfer brought modern technology to weather forecasting.
http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/historymakers/Reichelderfer/welcome.html

Schott, Charles Anthony - biographical memoir by Cleveland Abbe
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/schott.html

Seattle - Chief Seattle of the Northwest coast - many famous environmental quotes
http://www.powersource.com/gallery/people/seattle.html

Tharp, Marie - autobiographical sketch titled "Connect the Dots: Mapping the Seafloor and Discovering the Mid-ocean Ridge" by the oceanographic cartographer in: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University Twelve Perspectives on the First Fifty Years 1949-1999
http://www.whoi.edu/sbl/liteSite.do?litesiteid=9092&articleId=13407

Wexler, Harry - one of our nation's greatest meteorologists
http://www.history.noaa.gov/giants/wexler.html

Women in Science - biographies from Eastern Illinois University
http://www.eiu.edu/~wism/about_biographies.php

Women mathematicians - biographies from Agnes Scott College
http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/women.htm
http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/alpha.htm (Alphabetical Index of Women Mathematicians)

Women of Science at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole - highlights early women marine biologists
http://hermes.mbl.edu/publications/women_index.html


General Historical Information

American Historical Association is a nonprofit membership organization founded in 1884 and incorporated by Congress in 1889 for the promotion of historical studies, the collection and preservation of historical documents and artifacts, and the dissemination of historical research
http://www.historians.org/

American Memory website at the Library of Congress - photos, biographies, and more. Civil War photos of Dorr-Donn tripod at Chattanooga, topographers at Yorktown, George Wise, Amos Kendall, Levi Woodbury, etc.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html

Archives II - researcher information for those wishing to access records at Archives II, the National  Archives and Records Administration facility at College Park, Maryland
http://www.archives.gov/dc-metro/college-park/researcher-info.html

Astronautics History from NASA - includes history of development of meteorological and oceanographic satellites and also provides insight into the evolution of environmental science from space
http://history.nasa.gov/astronau.html

The Center for History of Physics from American Institute of Physics
http://www.aip.org/history/

Explorers - series on Antarctic explorers from Antarctic Philately
http://www.south-pole.com

Jefferson's Legacy: A Brief History of The Library of Congress
http://www.loc.gov/loc/legacy/

Sea History: The National Maritime Historical Society
http://www.seahistory.org/

World Wide Web - The Birthplace of the Web from the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (V. 19, No. 16/Friday, August 16, 1996 of Fermi News)
http://www.fnal.gov/pub/ferminews/FermiNews96-08-16.pdf
 

History of Fisheries and Fisheries Science

NOAA Fisheries Historical Information - also includes many photos and a timeline of the National Marine Fisheries Service from 1870 on
http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/history/
http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/history/stories/legacy/legacy2.html (Baird's Legacy: The History and Accomplishments of NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service, 1871-1996)
http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/history/stories/whistory.html (Woods Hole: The Early Years)
 

History of Mapping, Charting, and Surveying

Coast and Geodetic Survey - Bibliography of the Appendices to the Reports of the Superintendent from 1844 to 1910
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/researchtools/subjectguides/cgsreports.html

Coast and Geodetic Survey Historical Photo Collection - more than 3,000 images covering most aspects of C&GS work
http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/cgs/index.html (C&GS album)
http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/  (NOAA Photo Library Home Page)

Exploring the West from Monticello: A Perspective in Maps from Columbus to Lewis and Clark from the University of Virginia - images of maps, discussions of surveying and navigation instruments, etc.
http://www2.lib.virginia.edu/exhibits/lewis_clark/exploring/

Historical Map and Chart Collection of NOAA's Office of Coast Survey: more than 20,000 maps and charts from the late 1700s to present day - collection includes some of the nation's earliest nautical charts, hydrographic surveys, topographic surveys, geodetic surveys, city plans, and Civil War battle maps
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/csdl/ctp/abstract.htm

Historical maps from the Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas at Austin - historical maps of the world and links to historical maps on other web sites
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/index.html

History of the U.S. Coast Survey
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/staff/hist.html
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/hsd/hydro_history.html (History of Hydrographic Surveying)

Mississippi River Commission - a short history from the Army Corps of Engineers concerning the organization responsible for guiding the mapping, charting, and improving the Mississippi River
http://www.mvd.usace.army.mil/About/MississippiRiverCommission%28MRC%29/History.aspx

New York State historical maps dating from the Sixteenth Century to the Nineteenth Century
http://www.sunysb.edu/libmap/nymaps.htm
http://www.sunysb.edu/libmap/contents.htm (Long Island maps and their makers)

The Northwest Coast -  A history of the exploration and settlement of the Northwest Coast including excerpts from works describing Spanish expeditions, Captain Cook's touching at Nootka Sound, and early fur trading expeditions
http://www.hallman.org/indian/.www.html

Northwest of the West: The Frontier Experience on the Northwest Coast from the University of Washington
http://www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/FRONTIER/Local/

The Southwest United States - Maps of the Pimeria: Early Cartography of the Southwest - a collection from the University of Arizona detailing the mapping of the American Southwest from the 16th through 19th Centuries
http://parentseyes.arizona.edu/pimeriamaps/

The United States Coast Survey 1807-1867 - an on-line book that details the science, politics, and Civil War experience of the first science agency in the United States
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/noaainfo/heritage/coastsurveyvol1/CONTENTS.html
 

History of Meteorology

Air Force Weather History
http://www.afweather.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=4145

Aircraft Operations Center history
http://www.aoc.noaa.gov/history.htm

Aristotle's Meteorology - full text translation of Aristotle's view of meteorology
http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/meteorology.html

Arrhenius on global warming - the classic 1896 paper by Nobel prize-winning Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius relating the rise in carbon dioxide from fossil fuel burning in the atmosphere to increasing global temperatures
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/ARRHENIUS.HTML

The Cooperative Weather Observer Program history
http://www.crh.noaa.gov/lsx/?n=coop_history

Hurricane Research Division history
http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hrd_sub/beginning.html

International Commission on the History of Meteorology - established at the 2001 International Congress of History of Science
http://meteohistory.org
http://meteohistory.org/?page_id=46 (access volumes of the ICHM's History of Meteorology journal)

Military meteorology bibliography - works developed at the University of North Carolina
http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/academic/history/marshall/military/mil_hist_inst/w/weather.asc

National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) History
http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/about/history/

National Weather Service history
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/pa/history/index.php

National Weather Service river forecasting - A short history from the Middle Atlantic River Forecast Center
http://www.erh.noaa.gov/marfc/Science/history.html

NOAA Satellite Program History - by Gary Davis of the NESDIS Office of Systems Development
http://www.osd.noaa.gov/download/JRS012504-GD.pdf

Storm Prediction Center - a brief history
http://www.spc.noaa.gov/history/early.html

Tornado Forecasting (history of) - a feature of the NOAA 200th Anniversary site
http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/magazine/tornado_forecasting/welcome.html
http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/breakthroughs/tornadowarnings/welcome.html (Tornado detection and warnings)

United States Early Radio History by Thomas H. White - includes a special section about broadcasting weather information
http://earlyradiohistory.us/
http://earlyradiohistory.us/1916impt.htm#safeguard  (a timeline for the use of wireless as a safeguard to life at sea)

War History of the Australian Meteorological Service in the Royal Australian Air Force April 1941 to July 1946
http://www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au/fam/0621.html

Weather Forecasting Through the Ages from NASA's Earth Observatory
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/WxForecasting/wx.php

Weather Prediction and Detection from the NOAA History: A Science Odyssey site
http://www.history.noaa.gov/tools/weathertech.html

Weather Prediction Center history - Summary of WPC's Heritage and Leadership (WPC was formerly the Hydrometeorological Prediction Center)
http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/html/WPC_history.pdf

Weather Satellite History - NOAA's Environmental Satellites: A History in Images (NESDIS Office of Satellite and Product Operations)
http://www.ospo.noaa.gov/Organization/History/index.html

Weather vanes - a brief history of weather vanes
http://www.denninger.com/history.htm
http://www.denninger.com/biblio.htm#Bibliography (bibliography of weather vanes)
 

History of Oceanography

Challenger Expedition - History of the H.M.S. Challenger Expedition, 1872-1876, from the Birch Aquarium of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography
http://www.scrippsaquarium.org/Education/Learning_Resources/Challenger/science.php

Challenger Expedition - History of the H.M.S. Challenger Expedition, 1872-1876, from the Natural History Museum, London
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/science-of-natural-history/expeditions-collecting/hms-challenger-expedition/index.html

Coast and Geodetic Survey - Bibliography of the Appendices to the Reports of the Superintendent from 1844 to 1910
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/researchtools/subjectguides/cgsreports.html

Darwin's Origin of Species and Voyage of the Beagle online from the Online Literature Library
http://www.literature.org/authors/darwin-charles/the-origin-of-the-species/
http://www.literature.org/authors/darwin-charles/the-voyage-of-the-beagle/

Historical Map and Chart Collection of NOAA's Office of Coast Survey: over 35,000 scanned images including some of the Nation's earliest nautical charts, bathymetric maps, city plans, and Civil War battlefield maps.
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/csdl/ctp/abstract.htm

History of National Marine Sanctuaries - access a historical timeline, maritime heritage information, etc. (NOAA's National Ocean Service)
http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/about/history/welcome.html
http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/library/pdfs/fop.pdf (Fathoming Our Past: Historical Contexts of the National Marine Sanctuaries)

History of Ocean Exploration from NOAA's Office of Ocean Exploration and Research
http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/history/exploration.html
http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/ (Ocean Explorer home page)

History of Oceanography from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
http://www.divediscover.whoi.edu/history-ocean/index.html

History of Oceanography, 1987-2002 (a cumulative bibliography) - hosted by NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science Center Library in Woods Hole, Massachusetts
http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/nefsclibrary/historyoceanographyscripps.pdf

Leuckart -- Diagrams and images of various invertebrates drawn by Rudolph Leuckart, famous zoologist and parasitologist. These images were produced as Wandtafeln (wall charts) between 1877 and 1892. Site produced by Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory.
http://legacy.mblwhoilibrary.org/leuckart/

Longitude -- English attack on the longitude problem - site is hosted by the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Longitude2.html

Longitude -- Longitude and the Academie Royale - history of attempts to discern longitude to the 18th Century. The site is hosted by the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Longitude1.html

Oceanography - A history of Coast Guard oceanography associated with the Coast Guard International Ice Patrol
http://www.uscg.mil/history/h_index.asp

Tide predicting machines - discussion of Lord Kelvin's tide prediction machine, William Ferrel's Coast  Survey No. 1, the Fischer-Harris Coast Survey No. 2, and tide-predicting machines from other countries (National Ocean Service's Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services/NOAA)
http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/predmach.html
http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/predhist.html#Up (History of tidal analysis and prediction)
http://www.Math.sunysb.edu/~tony/tides/machines.html  (Tide analysis and prediction machines site from the State University of New York at Stonybrook)

The Titanic Disaster, Steamship Lanes, and the Establishment of the Ice Patrol: The 1912 Report of the Hydrographer, U.S. Navy
http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq94-1.htm
http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=83577&tid=3622&cid=128009 (History of the Titanic from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
http://www.noaa.gov/titanic/ (R.M.S. Titanic 100 Years Later - NOAA and the Titanic)
http://www.gc.noaa.gov/gcil_titanic.html (R.M.S. Titanic site of the NOAA Office of the General Counsel)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics/titanicsinking.html (Sinking of the Titanic - articles from the Library of Congress Newspaper & Current Periodical Reading Room)
http://www.titanicarchive.com/ (information including construction, ship history, lifeboats, notable passengers, etc.)
http://www.lva.virginia.gov/exhibits/titanic/titanic1.htm (newspaper coverage of the sinking from the University of Virginia's Virginia Newspaper Project)
 

History of Organizations

American Microscopical Society - a history of the beginnings of this organization which was formed in 1878 to promote the use of the compound microscope as a research tool
http://amicros.org/?page_id=5

Scripps Institution of Oceanography
https://scripps.ucsd.edu/about/history
http://scilib.ucsd.edu/sio/hist/bibliography_on_history_of_scripps.pdf (a bibliography on the history of Scripps)
http://libraries.ucsd.edu/locations/sio/scripps-archives/index.html (Scripps Archives)

United States Coast and Geodetic Survey - Volume I, 1807-1867
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/noaainfo/heritage/coastsurveyvol1/CONTENTS.html

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution history and legacy - site includes historical photos, an interactive timeline, etc.
http://www.whoi.edu/main/history-legacy
 

Libraries

NOAA Libraries

NOAA Central Library
http://www.lib.noaa.gov

Directory of NOAA Libraries - includes email addresses, telephone numbers, links to library sites, descriptions of collections, etc.
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/about/lib_network.html
 

Other Libraries

American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
http://www4.uwm.edu/libraries/AGSL/

British Library - the national library of the United Kingdom. Includes an environmental information service, historical manuscripts, a collection of maps, atlases and globes of all parts of the world dating back to the 15th century, etc.
http://www.bl.uk/

The Center for Ocean-Atmosphere Prediction studies (COAPS) Library - The James J. O'Brien Library is located at Florida State University.
http://library.coaps.fsu.edu/cgi-bin/koha/home.pl

Commerce Research Library
http://library.doc.gov/client/default

Federal Depository Libraries: locate a Federal Depository Library in the U.S. and its territories
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/libraries.html

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Resource & Document Library of the Department of Homeland Security
http://www.fema.gov/resource-document-library

Federal Library Directory compiled by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress
http://www.loc.gov/flicc/FLD/index_FLD.html
http://www.loc.gov/flicc/FLD/Federal-Library-Directory.pdf (link to the directory)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations David Lubin Memorial Library
http://www.fao.org/library/en
http://www.fao.org/fishery/library/en (Fisheries & Aquaculture Branch Library)

Government and Public Libraries - a USA.gov site
http://www.usa.gov/Topics/Reference_Shelf/Libraries.shtml

Homeland Security Digital Library - sponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's National Preparedness Directorate, FEMA and the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security
https://www.hsdl.org/

ipl2: information you can trust (resources by subject) - collections of resources from the Internet Public Library and the Librarians' Internet Index websites were merged to form ipl2. The site is hosted by Drexel University's College of Information Science & Technology, and a consortium of colleges and universities with programs in information science are involved in developing and maintaining the ipl2.
http://www.ipl.org/div/subject/

The Library of Congress is the nation's oldest federal cultural institution and serves as the research arm of Congress. It is also the largest library in the world.
http://www.loc.gov/index.html
http://www.loc.gov/rr/ (Research and Reference Services)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/askalib/virtualref.html (Virtual Reference Shelf)
http://www.loc.gov/loc/pub/ (Publications Home Page - link to the Library's various collections: Rare Books & Special Collections, Prints & Photographs, Geography & Maps, etc.)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/gmpage.html (Geography & Map Reading Room)
http://www.loc.gov/loc/legacy/ (Jefferson's Legacy: A Brief History of the Library of Congress)

Lib-web-cats - a directory of libraries throughout the world
http://www.librarytechnology.org/libwebcats/

Marine Biological Laboratory/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library contains one of the world's most complete collections of biological, ecological and oceanographic literature. It is operated jointly by the Marine Biological Laboratory and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
http://www.mblwhoilibrary.org/

Maritime Knowledge Centre of the International Maritime Organization
http://www.imo.org/KnowledgeCentre/Pages/Default.aspx
http://www.imo.org/Library/ (SeaLibrary Online)

Merchant Marine Academy Schuyler Otis Bland Library
hhttp://www.usmma.edu/library

National Agricultural Library of the Department of Agriculture. Source of aquaculture and fisheries information.
http://www.nal.usda.gov/

National Center for Atmospheric Research Library
http://library.ucar.edu/

National Sea Grant Library is located on the University of Rhode Island campus in Narragansett. NSGL is the digital library and official archive for NOAA Sea Grant documents.
http://nsgd.gso.uri.edu/

National Transportation Library, U.S. Department of Transportation
http://ntl.bts.gov/

Naval Research Laboratory Ruth H. Hooker Library
http://www.nrl.navy.mil/research/nrl-research-library/

Navy Department Library- in addition to naval role in United States' wars contains historical references to the Coast Survey, explorations, etc.
http://www.history.navy.mil/library/index.htm
http://www.history.navy.mil/library/online/readingroom.htm (Online Reading Room: publications, documents, and subject presentations)

Northwestern University Transportation Library
http://www.library.northwestern.edu/libraries-collections/evanston-campus/transportation-library
http://www.library.northwestern.edu/libraries-collections/evanston-campus/transportation-library/services/reference-services/search-eis - tips for searching the library's catalog for Environmental Impact Statements: nearly all of the Environmental Impact Statements issued by federal agencies since 1969 are held, usually in draft as well as final form

Ohio State University Libraries - catalog includes a lot of NOAA-related material
http://library.osu.edu/

Pell Marine Science Library at the Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island
http://www.gso.uri.edu/facilities/pell-marine-science-library

Pentagon Digital Library
http://www.whs.mil/library/

United States Army Corps of Engineers Library
http://www.usace.army.mil/library

United States Coast Guard Library
http://www.uscg.mil/top/library/

United States Environmental Protection Agency National Library Network
http://www2.epa.gov/libraries

United States Fish & Wildlife Service Conservation Library
http://library.fws.gov/
http://www.fws.gov/digitalmedia National Digital Library - images, publications, video and audio clips, oral history transcripts, etc.

United States Geological Survey Libraries Program - the world's largest earth science library
http://library.usgs.gov/

United States Naval Observatory James Melville Gilliss Library
http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO/library/library-home/

University of South Carolina Thomas Cooper Library - catalog includes many NOAA-related titles
hhttp://library.sc.edu/p/TCL?

Virginia Institute of Marine Science (William J. Hargis, Jr.) Library at The College of William and Mary
http://www.vims.edu/library/index.php
 

Lighthouses

A Brief History of Lighthouses - a Smithsonian Institution site
http://amhistory.si.edu/lighthouses/history.htm

Historic Lighthouse Index - a U.S. Coast Guard site
http://www.uscg.mil/history/h_lhindex.asp

Keepers of the Light - a site of The Lighthouse Preservation Society
http://www.lighthousepreservation.org/education.php

The Lighthouse Directory - information for more than 17,100 of the world's lighthouses (a site of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/

Lighthouse Getaway - lighthouses of the United States
http://lighthousegetaway.com
 

Mapping and Charting

Aeronautical and Nautical Charts

Aeronautical Charts - Aeronautical Navigation Products (AeroNav Products) of the Federal Aviation Administration
http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/flight_info/aeronav/

Nautical Charts - NOAA Office of Coast Survey, the Nation's nautical chartmaker.
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/staff/chartspubs.html (nautical charts and publications)
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/staff/charts.htm (obtain charting products)
 

Careers in Mapping and Charting

Careers in surveying from Pennsylvania State University Wilkes-Barre
http://www.wb.psu.edu/Academics/Degrees/32261.htm
 

Geodesy and Land Surveying

NOAA National Geodetic Survey (NGS) - defines and manages the National Spatial Reference System (NSRS) - the framework for latitude, longitude, height, scale, gravity, orientation and shoreline throughout the United States. NGS products include aerial photographs, latitude and longitude values for triangulation and GPS stations, elevations for bench marks, state plane coordinates, etc.
http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/
 

Geographic Information

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) - an interagency committee, organized in 1990 under OMB Circular A-16 that promotes the coordinated use, sharing, and dissemination of geospatial data on a national basis.
http://www.fgdc.gov/

Geographic Information Systems
http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb//pubs/gis_poster/
http://webgis.wr.usgs.gov/globalgis/ (Global Geographic Information Systems)
 

Global Positioning System

National Ocean Service GPS site
http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/geodesy/gps/
http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/geodesy/geo09_gps.html (GPS education site)

United States Coast Guard Navigation Center GPS site
http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/?pageName=GPSmain

U.S. Government GPS site - developed by the National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Coordination Office and hosted by the United States Coast Guard Navigation Center
http://www.gps.gov/
 

Hydrography

International Hydrographic Organization - an intergovernmental consultative and technical organization that was established in 1921 to support safety in navigation and protection of the marine environment.
http://www.iho.int/srv1/
http://www.iho.int/srv1/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=306&Itemid=452 (IHO Member States)

NOAA Office of Coast Survey - conducts and manages hydrographic surveying for NOAA
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/hsd/hydrog.htm (Hydrography, Hydrographic Surveys, Wrecks & Obstructions, etc.)

Maps and Mapping

Bathymetry and Global Relief products and services of NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/bathymetry/relief.html

Data Explorer of NOAA's National Ocean Service offers access to geospatial data, including nautical charts, bathymetry/topography, shoreline data, environmental sensitivity index maps, aerial photographs, and more.
http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/dataexplorer/welcome.html

Environmental Sensitivity Index Maps of NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration
http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi

Historical Map and Chart Collection of NOAA's Office of Coast Survey: over 35,000 scanned images including some of the Nation's earliest nautical charts, bathymetric maps, city plans, and Civil War battlefield maps.
http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/csdl/ctp/abstract.htm

Historical Map Archive of the University of Alabama - a digitized collection of selected map holdings from sources including the University of Alabama Map Library, the W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library, the Rucker Agee Map Collection of the Birmingham Public Library, the Geological Survey of Alabama, the Samford University Special Collections Library, and the Alabama Department of Archives and History.
http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/historicalmaps/index.html

Historical Maps of the Hargrett Rare Book & Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries. Many digitized images of maps of Georgia and South Carolina dating back to the 1500s.
http://www.libs.uga.edu/darchive/hargrett/maps/maps.html

Library of Congress Geography & Map Reading Room
http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/
http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/guides.html (Online Collections Listed by Theme)

MapMachine - National Geographic's interactive atlas
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/map-machine/

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) - descendant of the Defense Mapping Agency/National Imagery and Mapping Agency: CIA mapping and imagery, etc.
http://www1.nga.mil/Pages/Default.aspx

The National Map - the Nation's Topographic Map for the 21st Century (U.S. Geological Survey)
http://nationalmap.gov/index.html
http://nationalmap.gov/historical/ (Historical Topographic Map Collection)

NOAA Shoreline Website - includes shoreline mapping history, information about t-sheets, etc. (site developed and designed by NOAA's Coastal Services Center)
http://shoreline.noaa.gov

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection of the University of Texas - current interest maps, general interest maps, historical maps, etc.
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/

United States Geological Survey - the major mapping agency for the United States
http://www.usgs.gov/

World War II Cloth Maps
http://www.silkmaps.com/index.html


Photography and Photogrammetry

NOAA Digital Photogrammetry (National Geodetic Survey)
http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/RESEARCH/RSD/main/photo/photo.shtml
http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/web/APOS2/price_list.shtml (aerial photography orders)
http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/PUBS_LIB/shore_map.html (NOS Shoreline Mapping Program)

Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center - U.S. Geological Survey satellite images of the Earth and aerial photos of the U.S.
http://eros.usgs.gov

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  Last modified:    Mon, 27-Jan-2014 19:31 UTC Library.Reference@noaa.gov
 
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