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Anthropogenic Radionuclides in the Marine Environment: A Selected Bibliography

About this Bibliography

In response to the ongoing situation at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, librarians at the NOAA Central Library, in collaboration with NOAA’s Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research and National Marine Fisheries Service, have prepared this bibliography on the distribution, transport, ecological effects, and potential risk to human health of anthropogenic radionuclides in the marine environment. This bibliography is a representative, rather than comprehensive, review of the literature on these topics that has been published in peer-reviewed journals and books, and by authoritative research institutions around the world.

The citations in this bibliography are grouped into five broad subtopics: comprehensive, observations, modeling, ecological impacts, and human health. Definitions of each subtopic, for the purposes of this bibliography, are provided below each subtopic heading. Although each citation in this bibliography is listed under a single subtopic, many of the citations listed here could have been listed under multiple subtopics. In light of this fact, we encourage readers interested in a particular subtopic of this bibliography to review the citations in the other headings as well.

This bibliography was compiled and edited by Chris Belter (NOAA NESDIS NODC Central Library), Bethany Craig (NOAA NMFS Office of Science and Technology), Joe Fillingham (NOAA OAR Laboratories and Cooperative Institutes), Megan Mueller (NOAA OAR Office of the Assistant Administrator), and Katrina Phillips (NOAA OAR Office of Communications). Correspondence concerning this bibliography, including suggestions of additional citations, should be addressed to Chris Belter.

This bibliography is also available in pdf format.

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All References


Aarkrog A. 1998. A retrospect of anthropogenic radioactivity in the global marine environment. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 75(1-4):23-31. Find it Online*

Aarkrog A. 2003. Input of anthropogenic radionuclides into the World Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 50(17-21):2597-2606. Find it Online*

Aarkrog A, Baxter MS, Bettencourt AO, Bojanowski R, Bologa A, Charmasson S, Cunha I, Delfanti R, Duran E, Holm E et al. . 1997. A comparison of doses from Cs-137 and Po-210 in marine food: A major international study. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 34(1):69-90. Find it Online*

Aarkrog A, Dahlgaard H, Nielsen SP. 1999. Marine radioactivity in the Arctic: a retrospect of environmental studies in Greenland waters with emphasis on transport of Sr-90 and Cs-137 With the East Greenland Current. Science of the Total Environment 238:143-151. Find it Online*

Abdul-Wali A, Osama AH, Manal A, Hussam A. 2008. Nuclear Fission Products Behavior in the Environment. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation 3(2):109-116. Find it Online* (pdf)

Abril JM, Abdel-Aal MM. 2000. Marine radioactivity studies in the Suez Canal, Part I: Hydrodynamics and transit times. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 50(4):489-502. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Abdel-Aal MM. 2000. Marine radioactivity studies in the Suez Canal. A modelling study on radionuclide dispersion. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 48(3):279-302. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Abdel-Aal MM, Al-Gamal SA, Abdel-Hay FA, Zahar HM. 2000. Marine radioactivity studies in the Suez Canal, Part II: Field experiments and a modelling study of dispersion. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 50(4):503-514. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Fraga E. 1996. Some physical and chemical features of the variability of k(d) distribution coefficients for radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 30(3):253-270. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Garcialeon M. 1991. A mathematical approach for modeling radionuclide dispersion in the marine-environment. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 13(1):39-54. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Leon MG. 1992. A marine dispersion model for radionuclides and its calibration from non-radiological information. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 16(2):127-146. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Leon MG. 1993. A 2d 4-phases marine dispersion model for nonconservative radionuclides .1. Conceptual and computational model. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 20(2):71-88. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Leon MG. 1993. A 2d 4-phases marine dispersion model for nonconservative radionuclides .2. 2 applications. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 20(2):89-115. Find it Online*

Ahmad Z, Mahmood ZUW, Shahar H, Yii MW, Abu Bakar AS. 2011. Radioactivity in the Exclusive Economic Zone of east coast Peninsular Malaysia: distribution trends of Cs-137 in surface seawater. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 287(1):329-334. Find it Online*

Ahmad Z, Yii MW, Abu Bakar AS, Shahar H. 2010. Spatial distributions of Cs-137 and Pu239+240 in surface seawater within the Exclusive Economic Zone of East Coast Peninsular Malaysia. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 68(9):1839-1845. Find it Online*

Akram M, Qureshi RM, Ahmad N, Solaija TJ, Mashiatullah A, Afzal M, Faruq MU, Zeb L. 2006. Concentration of natural and artificial radionuclides in bottom sediments of Karachi Harbour/Manora channel, Pakistan coast (Arabian Sea). Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan 28(3):306-312. Find it Online*

Aldahan A, Possnert G, Alfimov V, Cato I, Kekli A. 2007. Anthropogenic I-129 in the Baltic Sea. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 259(1):491-495. Find it Online*

Aldridge JN. 1998. CSERAM: A model for prediction of marine radionuclide transport in both particulate and dissolved phases. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 75(1-4):99-103. Find it Online*

Aldridge JN, Kershaw P, Brown J, McCubbin D, Leonard KS, Young EF. 2003. Transport of plutonium (Pu-239/240) and caesium (Cs-137) in the Irish Sea: comparison between observations and results from sediment and contaminant transport modelling. Continental Shelf Research 23(9):869-899. Find it Online*

Alfimov V, Aldahan A, Possnert G, Winsor P. 2004. Anthropogenic iodine-129 in seawater along a transect from the Norwegian coastal current to the North Pole. Marine Pollution Bulletin 49(11-12):1097-1104. Find it Online*

Alonso-Hernandez C, Diaz-Asencio M, Munos-Caravaca A, Suarez-Morell E, Avila-Moreno R. 2002. Cs-137 and Po-210 dose assessment from marine food in Cienfuegos Bay (Cuba). Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 61(2):203-211. Find it Online*

AMAP. 2010. AMAP Assessment 2009: Radioactivity in the Arctic. Oslo, Norway: Artic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP). Find it Online* (pdf)

Andersen M, Gwynn JP, Dowdall M, Kovacs KM, Lydersen C. 2006. Radiocaesium ((CS)-C-137) in marine mammals from Svalbard, the Barents Sea and the North Greenland sea. Science of the Total Environment 363(1-3):87-94. Find it Online*

Andrews WS, Ham MEJ, Bennett LGI, Grandmaison EW. 2001. Modeling the dispersion of radionuclides released during reactor accidents aboard nuclear-powered vessels. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 248(3):657-662. Find it Online*

Aoyama A, Hirose K. 2003. Temporal variation of Cs-137 water column inventory in the North Pacific since the 1960s. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 69(1-2):107-117. Find it Online*

Aoyama M, Hirose K. 1995. The temporal and spatial variation of cs-137 concentration in the western north pacific and its marginal seas during the period from 1979 to 1988. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 29(1):57-74. Find it Online*

Aoyama M, Hirose K, Miyao T, Igarashi Y, Povinec PP. 2001. Temporal variation of Cs-137 inventory in the western North Pacific. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 248(3):785-787. Find it Online*

Aoyama M, Hirose K, Nemoto K, Takatsuki Y, Tsumune D. 2008. Water masses labeled with global fallout Cs-137 formed by subduction in the North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters 35(1). Find it Online*

Assinder DJ, Robinson CD, Halsall J, Telford A. 1994. The distribution and behavior of artificial radionuclides in sediments of the north Wales coast, UK. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry-Articles 182(2):225-235. Find it Online*

Assinder DJ, Yamamoto M, Kim CK, Seki R, Takaku Y, Yamauchi Y, Igarashi S, Komura K, Ueno K. 1993. Radioisotopes of thirteen elements in intertidal coastal and estuarine sediments in the Irish Sea. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry-Articles 170(2):333-346. Find it Online*

Avila R, Beresford NA, Aguero A, Broed R, Brown J, Iospje M, Robles B, Suanez A. 2004. Study of the uncertainty in estimation of the exposure of non-human biota to ionising radiation. Journal of Radiological Protection 24(4A):A105-A122. Find it Online*

Aydarous AS, Charles MW, Darley PJ. 2008. Dose distribution measurements and calculations for Dounreay hot particles. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 128(2):146-158. Find it Online*

Baburajan A, Rao DD, Chandramouli S, Iyer RS, Hegde AG, Nagarajan PS. 1999. Radionuclide ratios of cesium and strontium in Tarapur marine environment, west coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 28(4):455-457.

Baeza A, Garcia E, Miro C, Perianez R. 2006. Modelling the spatio-temporal evolution of H-3 in the waters of the River Tagus. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 86(3):367-383. Find it Online*

Baffos H, Abril JM. 2008. Kinetic box models for the uptake of radionuclides and heavy metals by suspended particulate matter: equivalence between models and its implications. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 99(1):146-158. Find it Online*

Baskaran M, Asbill S, Santschi P, Brooks J, Champ M, Adkinson D, Colmer MR, Makeyev V. 1996. Pu, Cs-137 and excess Pb-210 in Russian arctic sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 140(1-4):243-257. Find it Online*

Baskaran M, Asbill S, Santschi P, Davis T, Brooks J, Champ M, Makeyev V, Khlebovich V. 1995. Distribution of pu-239, pu-240 and pu-238 concentrations in sediments from the Ob and Yenisey Rivers and the Kara Sea. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 46(11):1109-1119. Find it Online*

Baskaran M, Naidu AS. 1995. Pb-210-derived chronology and the fluxes of pb-210 and cs-137 isotopes into continental-shelf sediments, east-Chukchi-sea, Alaskan arctic. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 59(21):4435-4448. Find it Online*

Batlle JVI, Bryan S, McDonald P. 2008. A process-based model for the partitioning of soluble, suspended particulate and bed sediment fractions of plutonium and caesium in the eastern Irish Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 99(1):62-80. Find it Online*

Baxter MS, Fowler SW, Povinec PP. 1995. Observations on plutonium in the oceans. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 46(11):1213-1223. Find it Online*

Baxter MS, Harms I, Osvath I, Povinec PP, Scott EM. 1998. Modelling the potential radiological consequences of radioactive waste dumping in the Kara Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 39(2):161-181. Find it Online*

Beks JP. 2000. Storage and distribution of plutonium, Am-241, Cs-137 and Pb-210(xs) in North Sea sediments. Continental Shelf Research 20(15):1941-1964. Find it Online*

Benkdad A, Laissaoui A, El Bari H, Bertmansour M, IbnMajah M. 2008. Partitioning of radiostrontium in marine aqueous suspensions: laboratory experiments and modeling studies. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 99(4):748-756. Find it Online*

Berrow SD, Long SC, McGarry AT, Pollard D, Rogan E, Lockyer C. 1998. Radionuclides (137Cs and 40K) in harbour porpoises Phocoena phocoena from British and Irish Coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 36(8):569-576. Find it Online*

Born EW, Dahlgaard H, Riget FF, Dietz R, Oien N, Haug T. 2002. Regional variation of caesium-137 in minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata from West Greenland, the Northeast Atlantic and the North Sea. Polar Biology 25(12):907-913. Find it Online*

Borretzen P, Salbu B. 2000. Estimation of apparent rate coefficients for radionuclides interacting with marine sediments from Novaya Zemlya. Science of the Total Environment 262(1-2):91-102. Find it Online*

Borretzen P, Salbu B. 2002. Fixation of Cs to marine sediments estimated by a stochastic modelling approach. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 61(1):1-20. Find it Online*

Breton M, Salomon JC. 1995. A 2d long-term advection-dispersion model for the Channel and southern North-Sea .a. Validation through comparison with artificial radionuclides. Journal of Marine Systems 6(5-6):495-513. Find it Online*

Brown J, Borretzen P, Dowdall M, Sazykina T, Kryshev I. 2004. The derivation of transfer parameters in the assessment of radiological impacts on Arctic marine biota. Arctic 57(3):279-289. Find it Online*

Brown J, Dowdall M, Gwynn JP, Borretzen P, Selnaes OG, Kovacs KM, Lydersen C. 2006. Probabilistic biokinetic modelling of radiocaesium uptake in Arctic seal species: verification of modelled data with empirical observations. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 88(3):289-305. Find it Online*

Brown JE, Hosseini A, Borretzen P, Thorring H. 2006. Development of a methodology for assessing the environmental impact of radioactivity in Northern Marine environments. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52(10):1127-1137. Find it Online*

Brown JE, McDonald P, Parker A, Rae JE. 1999. The vertical distribution of radionuclides in a Ribble Estuary saltmarsh: transport and deposition of radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 43(3):259-275. Find it Online*

Brown JE, Nikitin A, Valetova NK, Chumichev VB, Katrich IY, Berezhnoy VI, Pegoev NN, Kabanov AI, Pichugin SN, Vopiyashin YY et al. . 2002. Radioactive contamination in the marine environment adjacent to the outfall of the radioactive waste treatment plant at ATOMFLOT, northern Russia. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 61(1):111-131. Find it Online*

Bryan SE, McDonald P, Hill R, Wilson RC. 2008. Sea to land transfer of anthropogenic radionuclides to the North Wales coast, Part I: External gamma radiation and radionuclide concentrations in intertidal sediments, soil and air. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 99(1):7-19. Find it Online*

Buesseler KO. 1997. The isotopic signature of fallout plutonium in the North Pacific. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 36(1):69-83. Find it Online*

Buffoni G, Cappelletti A. 1998. Comment on modelling the distribution of radionuclides in deep ocean water columns. Application to H-3, Cs-137 and Pu-239,Pu-240 by R. Perianez, J. Environ. Radioactivity. Vol. 38(2), pp. 173-194. Reply. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 40(2):213-214. Find it Online*

Burger J. 2007. A model for selecting bioindicators to monitor radionuclide concentrations using Amchitka Island in the Aleutians as a case study. Environmental Research 105(3):316-323. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M. 2007. Metals and radionuclides in birds and eggs from Amchitka and Kiska Islands in the Bering Sea/Pacific Ocean ecosystem. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 127(1-3):105-117. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Jewett S. 2006. Selecting species for marine assessment of radionuclides around Amchitka: Planning for diverse goals and interests. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 123(1-3):371-391. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Jewett SC. 2007. Radionuclide concentrations in benthic invertebrates from amchitka and kiska islands in the Aleutian Chain, Alaska. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 128(1-3):329-341. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Kosson D, Powers CW, Friedlander B, Stabin M, Favret D, Jewett S, Snigaroff D, Snigaroff R et al. . 2007. Radionuclides in marine fishes and birds from Amchitka and Kiska Islands in the Aleutians: Establishing a baseline. Health Physics 92(3):265-279. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Kosson DS, Powers CW. 2007. A biomonitoring plan for assessing potential radionuclide exposure using Amchitka Island in the Aleutian chain of Alaska as a case study. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 98(3):315-328. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Kosson DS, Powers CW, Jewett S, Friedlander B, Chenelot H, Volz CD, Jeitner C. 2006. Radionuclides in marine macroalgae from Amchitka and Kiska Islands in the Aleutians: establishing a baseline for future biomonitoring. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 91(1-2):27-40. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Powers CW, Kosson DS, Halverson J, Siekaniec G, Morkill A, Patrick R, Duffy LK, Barnes D. 2007. Scientific research, stakeholders, and policy: Continuing dialogue during research on radionuclides on Amchitka Island, Alaska. Journal of Environmental Management 85(1):232-244. Find it Online*

Bustamante P, Teyssie JL, Fowler SW, Wamau M. 2006. Assessment of the exposure pathway in the uptake and distribution of americium and cesium in cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) at different stages of its life cycle. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 331(2):198-207. Find it Online*

Calmet D, Fernandez JM. 1990. Cesium distribution in northwest Mediterranean seawater, suspended particles and sediments. Continental Shelf Research 10(9-11):895-913. Find it Online*

Calmet D, Woodhead D, Andre JM. 1992. Pb-210, cs-137 and k-40 in 3 species of porpoises caught in the eastern tropical Pacific-Ocean. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 15(2):153-169. Find it Online*

Camara-Mor P, Masque P, Garcia-Orellana J, Cochran JK, Mas JL, Chamizo E, Hanfland C. 2010. Arctic Ocean sea ice drift origin derived from artificial radionuclides. Science of the Total Environment 408(16):3349-3358. Find it Online*

Carlson L, Holm E. 1992. Radioactivity in fucus-vesiculosus l from the Baltic Sea following the Chernobyl accident. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 15(3):231-248. Find it Online*

Carroll J, Boisson F, Teyssie JL, King SE, Krosshavn M, Carroll ML, Fowler SW, Povinec PP, Baxter MS. 1999. Distribution coefficients (K-d's) for use in risk assessment models of the Kara Sea. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 51(1):121-129. Find it Online*

Carroll J, Harms IH. 1999. Uncertainty analysis of partition coefficients in a radionuclide transport model. Water Research 33(11):2617-2626. Find it Online*

Carroll J, Wolkers H, Andersen M, Rissanen K. 2002. Bioaccumulation of radiocaesium in Arctic seals. Marine Pollution Bulletin 44(12):1366-1371. Find it Online*

Carvalho FP, Oliveira JM, Malta M. 2011. Radionuclides in deep-sea fish and other organisms from the North Atlantic Ocean. Ices Journal of Marine Science 68(2):333-340. Find it Online*

Charles K, Jones SR. 2005. Disaggregation and valuation of collective dose and global circulation dose. Journal of Radiological Protection 25(3):277-288. Find it Online*

Charlesworth ME, Service M, Gibson CE. 2006. The distribution and transport of Sellafield derived Cs-137 and Am-241 to western Irish Sea sediments. Science of the Total Environment 354(1):83-92. Find it Online*

Charmasson S, Bouisset P, Radakovitch O, Pruchon AS, Arnaud M. 1998. Long-core profiles of Cs-137, Cs-134, Co-60 and Pb-210 in sediment near the Rhone River (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea). Estuaries 21(3):367-378. Find it Online*

Chiappini R, Pointurier F, Millies-Lacroix JC, Lepetit G, Hemet P. 1999. Pu-240/Pu-239 isotopic ratios and Pu239+240 total measurements in surface and deep waters around Mururoa and Fangataufa atolls compared with Rangiroa atoll (French Polynesia). Science of the Total Environment 238:269-276. Find it Online*

Clifton J, McDonald P, Plater A, Oldfield F. 1999. Derivation of a grain-size proxy to aid the modelling and prediction of radionuclide activity in salt marshes and mud flats of the eastern Irish Sea. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 48(5):511-518. Find it Online*

Cochran JK, Hirschberg DJ, Livingston HD, Buesseler KO, Key RM. 1995. Natural and anthropogenic radionuclide distributions in the Nansen Basin, Arctic Ocean: Scavenging rates and circulation timescales. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 42(6):1495-1517. Find it Online*

Cochran JK, Livingston HD, Hirschberg DJ, Surprenant LD. 1987. Natural and anthropogenic radionuclide distributions in the northwest Atlantic-Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 84(2-3):135-152. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Beasley T, Aagaard K, Kelley JM, Larsen IL, Grebmeier JM. 1999. Distributions of nuclear fuel-reprocessing tracers in the Arctic Ocean: Indications of Russian river influence. Journal of Marine Research 57(5):715-738. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Beasley TM, Zhao XL, Soto C, Vinogradova KL, Dunton KH. 1998. Iodine-129 and plutonium isotopes in Arctic kelp as historical indicators of transport of nuclear fuel-reprocessing wastes from mid-to-high latitudes in the Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biology 131(3):391-399. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Grebmeier JM, Larsen IL, Solis C, Olsen CR. 1995. Evidence for re-distribution of cs-137 Alaskan tundra, lake, and marine-sediments. Science of the Total Environment 160-61:295-306. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Hong GH, Beasley TM, Grebmeier JM. 2001. Iodine-129 concentrations in marginal seas of the North Pacific and Pacific-influenced waters of the Arctic Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin 42(12):1347-1356. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Kelley JM, Bond LA, Orlandini KA, Grebmeier JM. 2000. Sources of the transuranic elements plutonium and neptunium in arctic marine sediments. Marine Chemistry 69(3-4):253-276. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Larsen IL, Beasley TM, Dolvin SS, Grebmeier JM, Kelley JM, Scott M, Johnson-Pyrtle A. 1998. The distribution of radiocesium and plutonium in sea ice-entrained Arctic sediments in relation to potential sources and sinks. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 39(3):279-303. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Larsen IL, O'Hara TM, Dolvin S, Woshner V, Cota GF. 2000. Radionuclide contaminant burdens in Arctic marine mammals harvested during subsistence hunting. Arctic 53(2):174-182. Find it Online* (pdf)

Copplestone D, Johnson MS, Jones SR. 2001. Behaviour and transport of radionuclides in soil and vegetation of a sand dune ecosystem. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 55(1):93-108. Find it Online*

Cota GF, Cooper LW, Darby DA, Larsen IL. 2006. Unexpectedly high radioactivity burdens in ice-rafted sediments from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Science of the Total Environment 366(1):253-261. Find it Online*

Cournane S, Vintro LL, Mitchell PI. 2010. Modelling the reworking effects of bioturbation on the incorporation of radionuclides into the sediment column: implications for the fate of particle-reactive radionuclides in Irish Sea sediments. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101(11):985-991. Find it Online*

Cundy AB, Croudace IW, Warwick PE, Oh JS, Haslett SK. 2002. Accumulation of COGEMA-La Hague-derived reprocessing wastes in French salt marsh sediments. Environmental Science & Technology 36(23):4990-4997. Find it Online*

Cunha IIL, Munita CS, Paiva RP, Teixeira A. 1993. Levels of Cesium-137 in seawater and fish from the Brazilian coast. Science of the Total Environment 140:431-435. Find it Online*

Dahlgaard H. 1995. Radioactive-tracers as a tool in coastal oceanography - an overview of the mast-52 project. Journal of Marine Systems 6(5-6):381-389. Find it Online*

Dahlgaard H, Eriksson M, Nielsen SP, Joensen HP. 2004. Levels and trends of radioactive contaminants in the Greenland environment. Science of the Total Environment 331(1-3):53-67. Find it Online*

Dai MH, Buesseler KO, Kelley JM, Andrews JE, Pike S, Wacker JF. 2001. Size-fractionated plutonium isotopes in a coastal environment. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 53(1):9-25. Find it Online*

Davuliene L, Tarasiuk N, Spirkauskaite N, Trinkunas G, Valkunas L. 2007. Cs-137 activity distribution in the Lithuanian coastal waters of the Baltic Sea. Oceanologia 49(1):71-90. Find it Online*

Delfanti R, Klein B, Papucci C. 2003. Distribution of Cs-137 and other radioactive tracers in the eastern Mediterranean: Relationship to the deepwater transient. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 108(C9). Find it Online*

Dethleff D, Nies H, Harms IH, Karcher MJ. 2000. Transport of radionuclides by sea-ice and dense-water formed in western Kara Sea flaw leads. Journal of Marine Systems 24(3-4):233-248. Find it Online*

Donard OFX, Bruneau F, Moldovan M, Garraud H, Epov VN, Boust D. 2007. Multi-isotopic determination of plutonium (Pu-239, Pu-240, Pu-241 and Pu-242) in marine sediments using sector-field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta 587(2):170-179. Find it Online*

Dong W, Zheng JA, Guo QJ, Yamada M, Pan SM. 2010. Characterization of plutonium in deep-sea sediments of the Sulu and South China Seas. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101(8):622-629. Find it Online*

Dong W, Zheng JA, Yamada M, Guo QJ. 2011. Distribution of plutonium isotopes in sediments of Melanesian Basin, Central Pacific. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 287(3):943-948. Find it Online*

du Bois PB, Dumas F. 2005. Fast hydrodynamic model for medium- and long-term dispersion in seawater in the English Channel and southern North Sea, qualitative and quantitative validation by radionuclide tracers. Ocean Modelling 9(2):169-210. Find it Online*

du Bois PB, Guegueniat P. 1999. Quantitative assessment of dissolved radiotracers in the English Channel: Sources, average impact of la Hague reprocessing plant and conservative behaviour (1983,1986,1988,1994). Continental Shelf Research 19(15-16):1977-2002. Find it Online*

Du JZ, Wu YF, Huang DK, Zhang J. 2010. Use of Be-7, Pb-210 and Cs-137 tracers to the transport of surface sediments of the Changjiang Estuary, China. Journal of Marine Systems 82(4):286-294. Find it Online*

Duniec S, Hallstadius L, Holm E. 1984. A study of the transport of radionuclides in the sea by use of isotopic ratios. Commission of the European Communities, Luxembourg (Luxembourg). No. EUR-9214-EN.

Duran EB, Povinec PP, Fowler SW, Airey PL, Hong GH. 2004. Cs-137 and Pu239+240 levels in the Asia-Pacific regional seas. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 76(1-2):139-160. Find it Online*

Edmonds HN, Smith JN, Livingston HD, Kilius LR, Edmond JM. 1998. I-129 in archived seawater samples. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers 45(7):1111-1125. Find it Online*

Efurd D, GG M, DJ R, Roensch F, Attrep JK, Thompson J, Incret W, Miller H, Poths H, Banar J et al. . 1997. Evaluation of the Anthropogenic Radionuclide Concentrations in Sediments and Fauna Collected in the Beaufort Sea and Northern Alaska. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Laboratory. No. LA-13302-MS. Find it Online (pdf)

Eisler R. 1994. Radiation hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: a synoptic review. Laurel, MD: Patuxent Environmental Science Center, U.S. National Biological Service. Find it Online* (pdf)

Eriksson M, Holm E, Roos P, Dahlgaard H. 2004. Distribution and flux of Pu-238, Pu-239,Pu-240, Am-241, Cs-137 and Pb-210 to high arctic lakes in the Thule district (Greenland). Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 75(3):285-299. Find it Online*

Evangeliou N, Florou H, Bokoros P, Scoullos M. 2009. Temporal and spatial distribution of Cs-137 in Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Horizontal and vertical dispersion in two regions. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100(8):626-636. Find it Online*

Fesenko S, Fesenko E, Titov I, Karpenko E, Sanzharova N, Fonseca AG, Brown J. 2010. Radionuclide transfer to marine biota species: review of Russian language studies. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 49(4):531-547. Find it Online*

Fievet B, Plet D. 2003. Estimating biological half-lifes of radionuclides in marine compartments from environmental time-series measurements. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 65(1):91-107. Find it Online*

Figueira RCL, Cunha IIL. 1998. The contamination of the oceans by anthropogenic radionuclides. Quimica Nova 21(1):73-77. Find it Online*

Figueira RCL, Tessler MG, de Mahiques MM, Cunha IIL. 2006. Distribution Of (CS)-C-137 Pu-238 and Pu239+240 in sediments of the southeastern Brazilian shelf-SW Atlantic margin. Science of the Total Environment 357(1-3):146-159. Find it Online*

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Comprehensive

All aspects of radionuclides in the marine environment


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Observations

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MacKenzie AB, Cook GT, McDonald P. 1999. Radionuclide distributions and particle size associations in Irish Sea surface sediments: implications for actinide dispersion. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 44(2-3):275-296. Find it Online*

MacKenzie AB, Cook GT, McDonald P, Jones SR. 1998. The influence of mixing timescales and re-dissolution processes on the distribution of radionuclides in northeast Irish Sea sediments. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 39(1):35-53. Find it Online*

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McDonald P, Batlle JVI, Bousher A, Whittall A, Chambers N. 2001. The availability of plutonium and americium in Irish Sea sediments for re-dissolution. Science of the Total Environment 267(1-3):109-123. Find it Online*

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Mitchell PI, McMahon CA, Vintro LL, Ryan RW. 1998. Plutonium in Arctic surface and sub-surface waters at the St Anna and Voronin Troughs. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 75(1-4):247-252. Find it Online*

Miyao T, Hirose K, Aoyama M, Igarashi Y. 1998. Temporal variation of Cs-137 and Pu-239,Pu-240 in the Sea of Japan. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 40(3):239-250. Find it Online*

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Nakamura K, Nagaya Y. 1990. Distribution of cs-137 and pu-2398 pu-240 in the sediment of the Seto Inland Sea. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 138(1):153-164. Find it Online*

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Oktay SD, Santschi PH, Moran JE, Sharma P. 2000. The (129)Iodine bomb pulse recorded in Mississippi River Delta sediments: Results from isotopes of I, Pu, Cs, Pb, and C. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 64(6):989-996. Find it Online*

Osvath I, Povinec PP, Baxter MS. 1999. Kara Sea radioactivity assessment. Science of the Total Environment 238:167-179. Find it Online*

Osvath I, Povinec PP, Baxter MS, Huynh-Ngoc L. 2001. Mapping of the distribution of Cs-137 in Irish Sea sediments. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 248(3):735-739. Find it Online*

Otosaka S, Amano H, Ito T, Kawamura H, Kobayashi T, Suzuki T, Togawa O, Chaykovskaya EL, Lishavskaya TS, Novichkov VP et al. . 2006. Anthropogenic radionuclides in sediment in the Japan Sea: distribution and transport processes of particulate radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 91(3):128-145. Find it Online*

Papucci C, Delfanti R. 1999. (137)Caesium distribution in the eastern Mediterranean Sea: recent changes and future trends. Science of the Total Environment 238:67-75. Find it Online*

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Pfitzner J, Brunskill G, Zagorskis I. 2004. Cs-137 and excess Pb-210 deposition patterns in estuarine and marine sediment in the central region of the Great Barrier Reef Lagoon, north-eastern Australia. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 76(1-2):81-102. Find it Online*

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Povinec PP, du Bois PB, Kershaw PJ, Nies H, Scotto P. 2003. Temporal and spatial trends in the distribution of Cs-137 in surface waters of Northern European Seas - a record of 40 years of investigations. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 50(17-21):2785-2801. Find it Online*

Povinec PP, Hirose K, Honda T, Ito T, Scott EM, Togawa O. 2004. Spatial distribution of H-3, Sr-90, Cs-137 and Pu-239,Pu-240 in surface waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans - GLOMARD database. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 76(1-2):113-137. Find it Online*

Povinec PP, Lee SH, Kwong LLW, Oregioni B, Jull AJT, Kieser WE, Morgenstern U, Top Z. 2010. Tritium, radiocarbon, Sr-90 and I-129 in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 268(7-8):1214-1218. Find it Online*

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Povinec PP, Oregioni B, Jull AJT, Kieser WE, Zhao XL. 2000. AMS measurements of C-14 and I-129 in seawater around radioactive waste dump sites. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 172:672-678. Find it Online*

Povinec PP, Osvath I, Baxter MS, Ballestra S, Carroll J, Gastaud J, Harms I, Huynh-Ngoc L, Kwong LLW, Pettersson H. 1997. Summary of IAEA-MEL's investigation of Kara Sea radioactivity and radiological assessment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 35(7-12):235-241. Find it Online*

Radakovitch O, Charmasson S, Arnaud M, Bouisset P. 1999. Pb-210 and caesium accumulation in the Rhone delta sediments. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 48(1):77-92. Find it Online*

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Saxen R, Ilus E. 2001. Discharge of Cs-137 and Sr-90 by Finnish rivers to the Baltic Sea in 1986-1996. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 54(2):275-291. Find it Online*

Semizhon T, Rollin S, Spasova Y, Klemt E. 2010. Transport and distribution of artificial gamma-emitting radionuclides in the River Yenisei and its sediment. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101(5):385-402. Find it Online*

Skipperud L, Brown J, Fifield LK, Oughton DH, Salbu B. 2009. Association of plutonium with sediments from the Ob and Yenisey Rivers and Estuaries. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100(4):290-300. Find it Online*

Smith JN, Ellis KM. 1995. Radionuclide tracer profiles at the CESAR ice station and Canadian Ice Island in the western Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 42(6):1449-1470. Find it Online*

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Smith JN, Ellis KM, Boyd T. 1999. Circulation features in the central Arctic Ocean revealed by nuclear fuel reprocessing tracers from Scientific Ice Expeditions 1995 and 1996. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 104(C12):29663-29677. Find it Online*

Smith JN, Ellis KM, Kilius LR. 1998. I-129 and Cs-137 tracer measurements in the Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers 45(6):959-984. Find it Online*

Smith JN, Ellis KM, Naes K, Dahle S, Matishov D. 1995. Sedimentation and mixing rates of radionuclides in Barents Sea sediments off Novaya Zemlya. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 42(6):1471-1493. Find it Online*

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Strezov A, Milanov M, Mishev P, Stoilova T. 1998. Radionuclide accumulation in near-shore sediments along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 49(12):1721-1728. Find it Online*

Styro D, Bumeliene Z, Lukinskiene M, Morkuniene R. 2001. Cs-137 and Sr-90 behavioural regularities in the southeastern part of the Baltic Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 53(1):27-39. Find it Online*

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Styro D, Morkuniene R, Vdovinskiene S. 2006. The process of self-purification of the Baltic Sea waters from artificial radionuclides. Oceanology 46(3):358-367. Find it Online*

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Suplinska MM. 2002. Vertical distribution of Cs-137, Pb-210, Ra-226 and Pu-239,Pu-240 in bottom sediments from the Southern Baltic Sea in the years 1998-2000. Nukleonika 47(2):45-52. Find it Online*

Suzuki T, Kabuto S, Amano H, Togawa O. 2008. Measurement of iodine-129 in seawater samples collected from the Japan Sea area using accelerator mass spectrometry: Contribution of nuclear fuel reprocessing plants. Quaternary Geochronology 3(3):268-275. Find it Online*

Tkalin AV, Chaykovskaya EL. 2000. Anthropogenic radionuclides in Peter the Great bay. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 51(2):229-238. Find it Online*

Topcuoglu S, Gungor N, Kirbasoglu C. 2002. Distribution coefficients (K-d) and desorption rates of Cs-137 and Am-241 in Black Sea sediments. Chemosphere 49(10):1367-1373. Find it Online*

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Wang ZL, Yamada M. 2005. Plutonium activities and Pu-240/Pu-239 atom ratios in sediment cores from the East China Sea and Okinawa Trough: Sources and inventories. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 233(3-4):441-453. Find it Online*

Wedekind C, Gabriel H, Goroncy I, Framcke G, Kautsky H. 1997. The distribution of artificial radionuclides in the waters of the Norwegian-Greenland Sea in 1985. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 35(2):173-201. Find it Online*

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Yamada M, Aono T, Hirano S. 1996. Pu239+240 and Cs-137 distributions in seawater from the Yamato Basin and the Tsushima Basin in the Japan Sea. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry-Articles 210(1):129-136. Find it Online*

Yamada M, Nagaya Y. 2000. Vertical profiles, inventories, and activity ratios of Pu239+240 and Cs-137 in sediments from Sagami Bay, western Northwest Pacific margin. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 246(2):369-378. Find it Online*

Yamada M, Wang ZL. 2007. Cs-137 in the western South Pacific Ocean. Science of the Total Environment 382(2-3):342-350. Find it Online*

Yamada M, Wang ZL, Zheng J. 2006. The extremely high Cs-137 inventory in the Sulu Sea: a possible mechanism. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 90(2):163-171. Find it Online*

Yamada M, Zheng J, Wang ZL. 2006. Cs-137, Pu239+240 and Pu-240/Pu-239 atom ratios in the surface waters of the western North Pacific Ocean, eastern Indian Ocean and their adjacent seas. Science of the Total Environment 366(1):242-252. Find it Online*

Yamada M, Zheng JA. 2010. Temporal variation of Pu-240/Pu-239 atom ratio and 239+240PU inventory in water columns of the Japan Sea. Science of the Total Environment 408(23):5951-5957. Find it Online*

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Zheng J, Yamada M. 2005. Determination of Pu isotopes in sediment cores in the Sea of Okhotsk and the NW Pacific by sector field ICP-MS. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 267(1):73-83. Find it Online*

Zheng J, Yamada M. 2005. Vertical distributions of Pu239+240 activities and Pu-240/Pu-239 atom ratios in sediment cores: implications for the sources of Pu in the Japan Sea. Science of the Total Environment 340(1-3):199-211. Find it Online*

Zheng J, Yamada M. 2006. Plutonium isotopes in settling particles: Transport and scavenging of Pu in the western Northwest Pacific. Environmental Science & Technology 40(13):4103-4108. Find it Online*

Zheng J, Yamada M. 2007. Precise determination of put isotopes in a Seawater reference material using ID-SF-ICP-MS combined with two-stage anion-exchange chromatography. Analytical Sciences 23(5):611-615. Find it Online*

Zuo ZZ, Eisma D, Berger GW. 1991. Determination of sediment accumulation and mixing rates in the Gulf of Lions, Mediterranean-Sea. Oceanologica Acta 14(3):253-262.

Modelling

Development and implementation of models on the behavior of radionuclides in sediments and the water column


Abril JM, Abdel-Aal MM. 2000. Marine radioactivity studies in the Suez Canal. A modelling study on radionuclide dispersion. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 48(3):279-302. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Abdel-Aal MM, Al-Gamal SA, Abdel-Hay FA, Zahar HM. 2000. Marine radioactivity studies in the Suez Canal, Part II: Field experiments and a modelling study of dispersion. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 50(4):503-514. Find it Online*

Abril JM, Fraga E. 1996. Some physical and chemical features of the variability of k(d) distribution coefficients for radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 30(3):253-270. Find it Online*

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Perianez R. 1998. Modelling the distribution of radionuclides in deep ocean water columns. Application to H-3, Cs-137 and Pu-239,Pu-240. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 38(2):173-194. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 1998. A three dimensional sigma-coordinate model to simulate the dispersion of radionuclides in the marine environment: application to the Irish Sea. Ecological Modelling 114(1):59-70. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 1998. Three-dimensional modelling of the tide-induced dispersion of radionuclides in the sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 40(3):215-237. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 1999. Three-dimensional modelling of the tidal dispersion of non-conservative radionuclides in the marine environment. Application to Pu-239,Pu-240 dispersion in the eastern Irish Sea. Journal of Marine Systems 22(1):37-51. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2000. Modelling the physico-chemical speciation of plutonium in the eastern Irish Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 49(1):11-33. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2002. Modelling the suspended matter dynamics in a marine environment using a three dimensional sigma coordinate model: application to the eastern Irish Sea. Applied Mathematical Modelling 26(5):583-601. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2003. Kinetic modelling of the dispersion of plutonium in the eastern Irish Sea: two approaches. Journal of Marine Systems 38(3-4):259-275. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2003. Redissolution and long-term transport of radionuclides released from a contaminated sediment: a numerical modelling study. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 56(1):5-14. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2004. On the sensitivity of a marine dispersion model to parameters describing the transfers of radionuclides between the liquid and solid phases. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 73(1):101-115. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2004. A particle-tracking model for simulating pollutant dispersion in the Strait of Gibraltar. Marine Pollution Bulletin 49(7-8):613-623. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2004. Testing the behaviour of different kinetic models for uptake/release of radionuclides between water and sediments when implemented in a marine dispersion model. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 71(3):243-259. Find it Online*

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Perianez R. 2005. Modelling the transport of suspended particulate matter by the Rhone River plume (France). Implications for pollutant dispersion. Environmental Pollution 133(2):351-364. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2006. Modelling surface radioactive spill dispersion in the Alboran Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 90(1):48-67. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2007. Chemical and oil spill rapid response modelling in the Strait of Gibraltar-Alboran Sea. Ecological Modelling 207(2-4):210-222. Find it Online*

Perianez R. 2008. A modelling study on Cs-137 and Pu-239,Pu-240 behaviour in the Alboran Sea, western Mediterranean. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 99(4):694-715. Find it Online*

Perianez R, Caravaca F. 2010. A set of rapid-response models for pollutant dispersion assessments in southern Spain coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60(9):1412-1422. Find it Online*

Perianez R, MartinezAguirre A. 1997. A six-phase model to simulate the contamination by non-conservative radionuclides of sediments, soils and plants in a marsh area. Application to the Odiel marsh in southwest Spain. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 37(1):29-54. Find it Online*

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Scott EM, Gurbutt P, Harms I, Heling R, Nielsen SP, Osvath I, Preller R, Sazykina T, Wada A, Sjoeblom KL. 1997. Benchmarking of numerical models describing the dispersion of radionuclides in the Arctic Seas. Science of the Total Environment 202(1-3):123-134. Find it Online*

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Staneva JV, Buesseler KO, Stanev EV, Livingston HD. 1999. The application of radiotracers to a study of Black Sea circulation: Validation of numerical simulations against observed weapons testing and Chernobyl Cs-137 data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 104(C5):11099-11114. Find it Online*

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Ecological Impacts

Observations and modeling of radionuclides in non-human biota


Andersen M, Gwynn JP, Dowdall M, Kovacs KM, Lydersen C. 2006. Radiocaesium ((CS)-C-137) in marine mammals from Svalbard, the Barents Sea and the North Greenland Sea. Science of the Total Environment 363(1-3):87-94. Find it Online*

Avila R, Beresford NA, Aguero A, Broed R, Brown J, Iospje M, Robles B, Suanez A. 2004. Study of the uncertainty in estimation of the exposure of non-human biota to ionising radiation. Journal of Radiological Protection 24(4A):A105-A122. Find it Online*

Baburajan A, Rao DD, Chandramouli S, Iyer RS, Hegde AG, Nagarajan PS. 1999. Radionuclide ratios of cesium and strontium in Tarapur marine environment, west coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 28(4):455-457.

Berrow SD, Long SC, McGarry AT, Pollard D, Rogan E, Lockyer C. 1998. Radionuclides (137Cs and 40K) in harbour porpoises Phocoena phocoena from British and Irish Coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 36(8):569-576. Find it Online*

Born EW, Dahlgaard H, Riget FF, Dietz R, Oien N, Haug T. 2002. Regional variation of caesium-137 in minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata from West Greenland, the Northeast Atlantic and the North Sea. Polar Biology 25(12):907-913. Find it Online*

Brown J, Borretzen P, Dowdall M, Sazykina T, Kryshev I. 2004. The derivation of transfer parameters in the assessment of radiological impacts on Arctic marine biota. Arctic 57(3):279-289. Find it Online*

Brown J, Dowdall M, Gwynn JP, Borretzen P, Selnaes OG, Kovacs KM, Lydersen C. 2006. Probabilistic biokinetic modelling of radiocaesium uptake in Arctic seal species: verification of modelled data with empirical observations. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 88(3):289-305. Find it Online*

Brown JE, Hosseini A, Borretzen P, Thorring H. 2006. Development of a methodology for assessing the environmental impact of radioactivity in Northern Marine environments. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52(10):1127-1137. Find it Online*

Burger J. 2007. A model for selecting bioindicators to monitor radionuclide concentrations using Amchitka Island in the Aleutians as a case study. Environmental Research 105(3):316-323. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M. 2007. Metals and radionuclides in birds and eggs from Amchitka and Kiska Islands in the Bering Sea/Pacific Ocean ecosystem. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 127(1-3):105-117. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Jewett S. 2006. Selecting species for marine assessment of radionuclides around Amchitka: Planning for diverse goals and interests. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 123(1-3):371-391. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Jewett SC. 2007. Radionuclide concentrations in benthic invertebrates from amchitka and kiska islands in the Aleutian Chain, Alaska. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 128(1-3):329-341. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Kosson D, Powers CW, Friedlander B, Stabin M, Favret D, Jewett S, Snigaroff D, Snigaroff R et al. . 2007. Radionuclides in marine fishes and birds from Amchitka and Kiska Islands in the Aleutians: Establishing a baseline. Health Physics 92(3):265-279. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Kosson DS, Powers CW. 2007. A biomonitoring plan for assessing potential radionuclide exposure using Amchitka Island in the Aleutian chain of Alaska as a case study. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 98(3):315-328. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Kosson DS, Powers CW, Jewett S, Friedlander B, Chenelot H, Volz CD, Jeitner C. 2006. Radionuclides in marine macroalgae from Amchitka and Kiska Islands in the Aleutians: establishing a baseline for future biomonitoring. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 91(1-2):27-40. Find it Online*

Burger J, Gochfeld M, Powers CW, Kosson DS, Halverson J, Siekaniec G, Morkill A, Patrick R, Duffy LK, Barnes D. 2007. Scientific research, stakeholders, and policy: Continuing dialogue during research on radionuclides on Amchitka Island, Alaska. Journal of Environmental Management 85(1):232-244. Find it Online*

Bustamante P, Teyssie JL, Fowler SW, Wamau M. 2006. Assessment of the exposure pathway in the uptake and distribution of americium and cesium in cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) at different stages of its life cycle. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 331(2):198-207. Find it Online*

Calmet D, Woodhead D, Andre JM. 1992. Pb-210, cs-137 and k-40 in 3 species of porpoises caught in the eastern tropical Pacific-Ocean. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 15(2):153-169. Find it Online*

Carlson L, Holm E. 1992. Radioactivity in fucus-vesiculosus l from the Baltic Sea following the Chernobyl accident. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 15(3):231-248. Find it Online*

Carroll J, Wolkers H, Andersen M, Rissanen K. 2002. Bioaccumulation of radiocaesium in Arctic seals. Marine Pollution Bulletin 44(12):1366-1371. Find it Online*

Carvalho FP, Oliveira JM, Malta M. 2011. Radionuclides in deep-sea fish and other organisms from the North Atlantic Ocean. Ices Journal of Marine Science 68(2):333-340. Find it Online*

Cooper LW, Beasley TM, Zhao XL, Soto C, Vinogradova KL, Dunton KH. 1998. Iodine-129 and plutonium isotopes in Arctic kelp as historical indicators of transport of nuclear fuel-reprocessing wastes from mid-to-high latitudes in the Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biology 131(3):391-399. Find it Online*

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Human Health

Transfer of radionuclides from the marine environment to humans


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Other Resources

Links to public data, agency response websites, and news articles in Nature and Science on the situation in Japan


Links

IAEA Fukushima Nuclear Accident Update Log: http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/tsunamiupdate01.html*

Japan Earthquake and Nuclear Crisis (Nature News Special): http://www.nature.com/news/specials/japanquake/index.html*

Tokyo Electric Power Company Station Status and Monitoring Site: http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/index-e.html*

US DOE Energy Blog - The Situation in Japan: http://blog.energy.gov/content/situation-japan*

US EPA Radiation Monitoring: http://www.epa.gov/japan2011/index.html*


News

Cartlidge E. 2011. Plutonium plans in limbo. Nature 476(7359):140. 8 August 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Fukushima Begins 30-Year Odyssey in Radiation Health. Science 333(6043): 684-685. 5 August 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Japan's Electricity Woes Have Researchers Sweating. Science 333(6043): 685. 5 August 2011. Find it Online*

Akabayashi A. 2011. Fukushima Research Needs World's Support. Science 333(6043):696. 5 August 2011. Find it Online*

Cyranoski D. 2011. No fallout legacy for Japan's farms. Nature 475(7355):154. 12 July 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Picking Up the Pieces at Ravaged Tohoku University. Science 333(6039):153-155. 8 July 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Facilities Plot Research Revival. Science 333(6039):154. 8 July 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Citizens Find Radiation Far From Fukushima. Science 332(6036):1368. 17 June 2011. Find it Online*

Coleman NC, Simon SL, Noska MA, Telfer JL, Bowman T. 2011. Disaster Preparation: Lessons from Japan. Science 332(6036):1379. 17 June 2011. Find it Online*

Nature Editors. 2011. Misspent energy. Nature 474(7350):128. 09 June 2011. Find it Online*

Brumfiel G, Cyranoski D. 2011. Fukushima deep in hot water. Nature 474(7350):135-136. 09 June 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Fukushima Revives The Low-Dose Debate. Science 332(6032):908-910. 20 May 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Schoolyard Radiation Policy Brings a Backlash. Science 332(6032):909. 20 May 2011. Find it Online*

Normile D. 2011. Crippled Reactors to Get Cooled and Wrapped. Science 332(6032):910. 20 May 2011. Find it Online*

Cyranoski D. 2011. Japan rethinks its energy policy. Nature 473(7347):263. 18 May 2011. Find it Online*

Sandman PM, Lanard J. 2011. It is rational to doubt Fukushima reports. Nature 473(7345):31. 05 May 2011. Find it Online*

Butler D. 2011. Nuclear safety chief calls for reform. Nature 472(7343):274. 21 April, 2011. Find it Online*

Reardon S. 2011. Fukushima radiation creates unique test of marine life's hardiness. Science 332(6027):292. 15 April, 2011. Find it Online*

Nature Editors. 2011. A little knowledge. Nature 472(7342):135. 14 April, 2011. Find it Online*

Tollefson J. 2011. Japan faces power struggle. Nature 472(7342):143-144. 14 April, 2011. Find it Online*

Schiermeier Q. 2011. Radiation release will hit marine life. Nature 472(7342):145-146. 14 April, 2011. Find it Online*

Brumfiel G. 2011. Fukushima set for epic clean-up. Nature 472(7342):146-147. 14 April, 2011. Find it Online*

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