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E-Reference Materials

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Abbreviations and Acronyms 

U.S. Government Acronyms and Abbreviations *- Organized alphabetically with hundreds of links directly to the program or website listed.
Acronym Finder* - Includes 485,000 human-edited entries.   
Acronym Search
* - Includes search by reverse lookup using a word or phrase. 
Acronyma
* - Includes the ability to search acronyms in Spanish and French as well as English.
Internet Country Codes* -  Codes used in Internet addresses
Journal Abbreviation Sources
* - List is broken into 23 subject areas. Maintained by a bibliographer at Iowa State University but not updated often.

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 Almanacs          

Farmers Almanac* - Produced by Almanac Publishing Co.            
Old Farmers Almanac* - Produced by Yankee Publishing Inc.            
The World Almanac and Book of Facts
* - "...an American institution that millions of people have turned to for 137 years."

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 Calculators, Converters and Measures         

A Dictionary of Units of Measurement* - The dictionary includes all the units of the International System of Units (SI); many other units of the metric system; various non-metric units such as astronomical, electronvolt and parsec and all the units of the English traditional systems.            
Common Weights and Measures* - Produced by the University of California, College of Chemistry. Includes mathematical notation for orders of magnitude, and metric prefixes and common U.S. and metric equivalents.            
Metric Conversion Factors
* - Produced by Washington State Department of Transportation.           
Online Calculators, Conversion Tools, Measurements & Weights
* - Lengthy list of links to many measuring tools produced through Western Washington University.           
The Universal Currency Converter
* - Uses the commercial XE.com Universal Currency Converter.  

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 *Dictionaries, Thesauri and Encyclopedias           

Allwords.com* - An English dictionary with multi-lingual search           
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language* - "Over 90,000 entries feature 10,000 new words and senses, 70,000 audio word pronunciations, 900 full-page color illustrations, language notes and word-root appendixes."  
Babel Fish Translation
*  - Translates a block of text into approximately 12 major languages.            
Encarta Reference
* -Free sub-version of the Encarta Encyclopedia           
Encyclopedia Britannica
* - Concise free one volume encyclopedia                 
Librarians Internet Index to Dictionaries
* - Hundreds of links to websites on almost any subject. Organized by category.           
Roget's II:  The New Thesaurus* - "Containing 35,000 synonyms and over 250,000 cross-references in an easy-to-use format, this thesaurus features succinct word definitions and an innovative hyperlinked category index."        
Wikipedia
* - A multilingual encyclopedia written collaboratively by anyone with access to the Internet

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 Directories

AnyWho Online Directory* - White page or yellow page search for published telephone listings 
Area Codes* - The NANPA is the numbering plan for the Public Switched Telephone Network for Canada, the US and its territories, and the Caribbean.
National Area Codes Map *- Search for area codes by states or by map.
U.S.
Postal Service* - This is the official site of the United States Postal Service.
Zip code Lookup*  - This subdirectory is under the above site.

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Government and Law           


FedLaw
* - " Fedlaw has assembled references of use to people doing Federal legal research and which can be accessed directly through "point and click" hypertext connections."           
FedWorld - Developed and maintained by the National Technical Information Service [NTIS].            
Foreign Consular Offices in the United States
- The official listing of the foreign consular offices in the United States, and recognized consular officers          
Thomas - The Library of Congress search portal for United States' legislative information
Firstgov - The United States Government's official web portal
Open CRS* - A project of the Center for Democracy and Technology. Provides citizens access to Congressional Research Service report on they have een released by a member of Congress.

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 Handbooks and Factbooks            

Library of Congress Country Studies - "The Country Studies Series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world."           
Portals to the World
- Another Library of Congress site which provides selective links providing authoritative, in-depth information about the nations and other areas of the world. They are arranged by country or area.
World Factbook - Produced by the Central Intelligence Agency and updated throughout the year. 

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Maps, Atlases and Gazetteers                  

Arctic Environmental Atlas* - A United Nations site that provides an interactive map that presents environmental variables and parameters on the environment in the Arctic region. 
Ask.com* - Maps and directions, street maps, an aerial imager, physical maps, etc.            
Columbia Gazetteer of North America* -
Google Maps
* - Both for finding a location and getting directions between two locations 
MapQuest*- Primarily for directional and navigational information between two points 
National Geographic Map Machine
*- Road maps, physical maps and theme maps such as agricultural, weather and boundary
The National Map - An interactive map site provided by the United States Geological Survey.            
Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection*- Provided by University of Texas            
TopoZone
* - Topograhic maps and aerial photos of the U.S.
US Geological Survey - USGS maps and aerial photo image
Yahoo Maps*- Map service provided by Yahoo
University of the Arctic Atlas*- Provided by the University of the Arctic

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  Science Sources General and Subject Specific

Time Service Department - Department of the Navy "The Official Source of Time for the Department of Defense (DoD) and for the Global positioning System (GPS), and a Standard of Time for the United States. "
Maritime Safety Information - Produced by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

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Statistical Sources

American Fact Finder - Produced by the United States Census Bureau with information on sources for population, housing, economic, and geographic data
Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Produced by the United States Department of Labor            
FedStats - Gateway to statistics from over 100 U.S. Federal Agencies             
Statistical Abstract of the United States
- Summary of social, political and economic statistics             
U.S.
Census Bureau - Gateway page to Census 2000

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 Style Manuals

CSE Citation Guide* - Ohio State University CSE style manual citation guide
Elements of Style* - Full text of The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr.
Online!  A Reference Guide to Using Internet Sources* - References on how to cite online sources compiled by Bedford/St. Martins

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  Last modified:    Thu, 28-May-2009 19:14 UTC Library.Reference@noaa.gov
 
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